Review of the existing maximum residue levels for imidacloprid according to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005

imidacloprid, MRL review, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, consumer risk assessment, neonicotinoid/nitroguanidine group, insecticide
First published in the EFSA Journal
31 Enero 2019
12 Diciembre 2018
Reasoned Opinion


According to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, EFSA has reviewed the maximum residue levels (MRLs) currently established at European level for the pesticide active substance imidacloprid. To assess the occurrence of imidacloprid residues in plants, processed commodities, rotational crops and livestock, EFSA considered the conclusions derived in the framework of Directive 91/414/EEC, the MRLs established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission as well as the import tolerances and/or European authorisations reported by Member States (including the supporting residues data). Based on the assessment of the available data, MRL proposals were derived and a consumer risk assessment was carried out. Some information required by the regulatory framework was missing and a possible chronic/acute risk to consumers was identified. Hence, the consumer risk assessment is considered indicative only, some MRL proposals derived by EFSA still require further consideration by risk managers and measures for reduction of the consumer exposure should also be considered.

European Food Safety Authority
pesticides.mrl [at]
EFSA Journal 2019;17(1):5570
Question Number
On request from
European Commission

Background documents