Zoonoses are infections or diseases that can be transmitted directly or indirectly between animals and humans, for instance by consuming contaminated foodstuffs. Common food-borne zoonotic infections in the European Union (EU) are caused by bacteria such as Campylobacter and Salmonella.
Data collection is imperative to identify which animals and foodstuffs are the main sources of infections and to monitor the prevalence of zoonoses. Data analysis supports efforts to prevent and reduce the impact of zoonoses in the food chain. For this purpose, information on food-borne zoonotic diseases aimed at protecting human health is collected and analysed from all EU Member States.