Report for 2011 on the results from the monitoring of veterinary medicinal product residues and other substances in live animals and animal products

Question Number
3 December 2012

The report summarises the data collected from the monitoring on the presence of residues of veterinary medicinal products and certain substances in live animals and animal products in the European Union, in 2011. Altogether, 742,902 samples were reported to the European Commission. They included 415,909 targeted samples and 23,236 suspect samples reported under Council Directive 96/23/EC, 4,329 samples checked at import and 299,428 samples collected in the framework of programmes developed under the national legislation. The minimum requirements for sampling frequency laid down in Council Directive 96/23/EC and in Commission Decision 97/747/EC were fulfilled by the vast majority of Member States. The percentage of non-compliant targeted samples (0.28 %) was slightly lower compared to the previous four years (0.32 % – 0.34 %). The difference was triggered by the lower frequency of non-compliant samples for steroids, resorcyclic acid lactones, prohibited substances, antimicrobials, anthelmintics and anticoccidials. Conversely, the proportion of non-compliant samples for chemical elements (mainly metals) was similar to 2010 and higher compared to the period 2007 - 2009. This development is explained by the application since 2010 of a stricter legal basis in the evaluation of compliance for mercury and copper thus resulting in more non-compliant samples. For other substance groups, there were no notable variations in the overall frequency of non-compliant samples over the past five years.

Published in the EFSA Journal
15 April 2013
Last Updated
21 June 2013

[1] Commission Regulation (EU) No 37/2010 of 22 December 2009 on pharmacologically active substances and their classification regarding maximum residue limits in foodstuffs of animal origin. OJ L 15/1, 20.1.2010, p. 1-72.
[2] Commission Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. OJ L 364/5, 20.12.2006, p. 5 – 24.
[3] Council Directive 96/23/EC on measures to monitor certain substances and residues thereof in live animals and animal products and repealing Directives 85/358/EEC and 86/469/EEC and Decisions 89/187/EEC and 91/664/EEC. OJ L 125, 23/05/1996, p. 10 – 32.
[4] Commission Decision 97/747/EC fixing the levels and frequencies of sampling provided for by Council Directive 96/23/EC for the monitoring of certain substances and residues thereof in certain animal products. OJ L 303, 6.11.1997, p. 12–15.
[5] Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety. OJ L 31/1, 1.2.2002, p. 1-24.
[6] The number of substances included in the monitoring plan might be slightly different from the true number of substances analysed. Due to the structure of the data collection, it was not possible to extract the exact number of substances analysed.
[7] Commission Directive 2009/8/EC of 10 February 2009 amending Annex I to Directive 2002/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum levels of unavoidable carry-over of coccidiostats or histomonostats in non-target feed. OJ L 40/19, 11.2.2009, p. 19-25.