EFSA Journal

EFSA publishes all its scientific outputs, including its scientific opinions, in the EFSA Journal. It also issues a range of supporting publications. See also Definitions of EFSA Scientific Outputs and Supporting Publications.

Results 1 - 10 of 31

Overview of available toxicity data for calystegines

Calystegines are polyhydroxylated nortropane alkaloids that have been found in various solanaceous foods, in particular in potatoes and aubergines. The biological activity and potential toxicity of calystegines are associated with their capacity to inhibi ...

Dyes in aquaculture and reference points for action

The European Commission requested EFSA to evaluate whether a series of dyes are covered by the ‘Guidance on methodological principles and scientific methods to be taken into account when establishing Reference Points for Action (RPAs) for non‐allowed phar ...

Review of JECFA evaluation of zilpaterol hydrochloride

The European Commission asked the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to review the evaluation of zilpaterol hydrochloride (zilpaterol) by the 81st meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) and to assess the available scien ...

HBGVs for dioxins and dioxin like-PCBs

Different organisations have undertaken risk assessments of dioxins resulting in the issuance of a range of health-based guidance values. This report examines the approaches taken by the Scientific Committee on Food (SCF), the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committ ...

Dietary exposure to inorganic arsenic

Arsenic is a ubiquitous metalloid present at low concentrations in rocks, soil and natural ground water. A total of 103 773 food samples (including drinking water) were used to calculate dietary exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs). Of these, 101 020 were ...

3-MCPD occurrence in food in Europe

3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) is a food processing contaminant classified as a possible human carcinogen for which the SCF established a tolerable daily intake (TDI) of 2 µg/kg b.w. This report describes levels of 3-MCPD in food, based on 1 235 an ...

Combined exposure to multiple chemicals

The development of harmonised terminology and frameworks for the human risk assessment of combined exposure to multiple chemicals (“chemical mixtures”) is an important area for EFSA and a number of activities have already been undertaken, i.e. in the fiel ...

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