EFSA Journal

EFSA publishes all its scientific outputs, including its scientific opinions, in the EFSA Journal. It also issues a range of supporting publications. See also Definitions of EFSA Scientific Outputs and Supporting Publications.

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Avian influenza overview February – May 2020

Between 16 February and 15 May 2020, 290highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5) virus outbreakswere reported in Europe in poultry (n=287), captive birds (n=2) and wild birds (n=1)in Bulgaria, Czechia,Germany,Hungary andPolandand two low pathogenic ...

Avian influenza

Previous introductions of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) to the EU were most likely via migratory wild birds. A mathematical model has been developed which indicated that virus amplification and spread may take place when wild bird popula ...

Scientific opinion on bluetongue

The performance of different bluetongue control measures related to both vaccination and protection from bluetongue virus (BTV) vectors was assessed. By means of a mathematical model, it was concluded that when vaccination is applied on 95% of animals eve ...

Urgent request on avian influenza

HPAI H5N8 is currently causing an epizootic in Europe, infecting many poultry holdings as well as captive and wild bird species in more than ten countries. Given the clear clinical manifestation, passive surveillance is considered the most effective means ...

Honeybee colony health (HEALTHY-B)

Tools are provided to assess the health status of managed honeybee colonies by facilitating further harmonisation of data collection and reporting, design of field surveys across the European Union (EU) and analysis of data on bee health. The toolbox is b ...

SHB spread, survival and establishment

The small hive beetle (SHB) is still present in Calabria one year after its first detection in September 2014. Detailed epidemiological studies would improve our knowledge of the survival, spread and establishment of the pest. Movement of an infested hive ...

Lumpy skin disease

No abstract available Keywords:  Lumpy skin disease, spread, prevention, control and surveillance, vaccines doi:  10.2903/j.efsa.2015.3986 Question Number:  EFSA-Q-2013-00917 Journal Number:  EFSA Journal 2015;13(1):3986 Panels:  Panel on Animal Health an ...

Risk of entry of Aethina tumida and Tropilaelaps

Small hive beetle (SHB) and Tropilaelaps are bee diseases considered exotic in the EU. SHBis a flying coleopteran that can be attracted to the odours of bees and bee products. In addition, SHB can survive and reproduce on a variety of ripe fruits. Tropila ...

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