Under European Regulation EC 1829/2003, GMOs and derived products must be evaluated by EFSA before they can be authorised in the EU. Applicants must submit an application for authorisation in line with European legislation and EFSA’s guidelines to the national competent authority of one of the Member States who then forwards the application to EFSA for its scientific risk assessment. EFSA’s Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) carries out a detailed risk assessment to evaluate the safety of the GMO and derived food or feed. The Panel’s independent scientific advice is then used by the Commission and Member States when taking a decision on market approval.
Detailed information on the application procedure, including how to check the status, question number and deadlines, is available on the GMO pages of the Applications helpdesk section of this website. Guidance documents published by the GMO Panel are also essential reading for the preparation of GMO applications.