Safety evaluation of the food enzyme endo‐1,4‐β‐xylanase from the genetically modified Trichoderma reesei strain RF5427

food enzyme, endo‐1, 4‐β‐xylanase, 4‐β‐D‐xylan xylanohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.8, Trichoderma reesei, genetically modified microorganism
First published in the EFSA Journal
3 June 2020
Adopted
29 April 2020
Type
Scientific Opinion

Note: The full opinion will be published in accordance with Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 1331/2008 once the decision on confidentiality will be received from the European Commission.

Abstract

The food enzyme endo‐1,4‐β‐xylanase (4‐β‐D‐xylan xylanohydrolase; EC 3.2.1.8) is produced with the genetically modified Trichoderma reesei strain RF5427 by AB Enzymes GmbH. The genetic modifications do not give rise to safety concerns. The food enzyme is free from viable cells of the production organism and recombinant DNA. It is intended to be used in baking, brewing and cereal‐based processes, distilled alcohol production and grain treatment for the production of starch and gluten fractions. Since residual amounts of the food enzyme are removed by distillation and during grain treatment, dietary exposure was only calculated for baking, brewing and cereal‐based processes. Based on the proposed maximum use levels, dietary exposure to the food enzyme–Total Organic Solids (TOS) was estimated to be up to 0.119 mg TOS/kg body weight (bw) per day. Genotoxicity tests did not raise a safety concern. The Panel identified a no observed adverse effect level at the highest dose tested of 939 mg TOS/kg bw per day in a repeated dose 90‐day oral toxicity study in rats, resulting in a margin of exposure of at least 7,890. Similarity of the amino acid sequence of the food enzyme to those of known allergens was searched and no matches were found. The Panel considered that allergenicity can be excluded for distilled alcohol production. The risk of allergic sensitisation and elicitation reactions cannot be excluded for baking, brewing and cereal‐based processes, and for grain treatment for the production of starch and gluten fractions, but the likelihood of such reactions to occur is considered to be low. Based on the data provided, the removal of TOS during the production of distilled alcohol and grain treatment, the Panel concluded that this food enzyme does not give rise to safety concerns under the intended conditions of use.

Panel members at the time of adoption

José Manuel Barat Baviera, Claudia Bolognesi, Andrew Chesson, Pier Sandro Cocconcelli, Riccardo Crebelli, David Michael Gott, Konrad Grob, Claude Lambré, Evgenia Lampi, Marcel Mengelers, Alicja Mortensen, Gilles Rivière, Vittorio Silano, Inger‐Lise Steffensen, Christina Tlustos, Henk Van Loveren, Laurence Vernis and Holger Zorn.
Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes and Processing Aids
Contact
fip [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6127
EFSA Journal 2020;18(6):6127
On request from
European Commission