Safety evaluation of the food enzyme phospholipase C from a genetically modified Komagataella phaffii (strain PRF)

food enzyme, phospholipase C, phosphatidylcholine cholinephosphohydrolase, EC, Komagataella phaffii, genetically modified microorganism
First published in the EFSA Journal
26 April 2019
3 April 2019
Scientific Opinion

The full opinion will be published in accordance with Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 1331/2008 once the decision on confidentiality will be received from the European Commission.


The food enzyme phospholipase C (EC is produced with a genetically modified Komagataella phaffii (formerly Pichia pastoris) (strain PRF) by DSM. The genetic modifications do not give rise to safety concerns. The food enzyme is free from viable cells of the production organism and recombinant DNA. This phospholipase C is intended to be used in fats and oils processing for degumming. The residual amounts of total organic solids (TOS) are removed during refinement steps applied during fats and oils processing. Consequently, no dietary exposure was calculated. Genotoxicity tests did not indicate a safety concern. The systemic toxicity was assessed by means of a repeated dose 90‐day oral toxicity study in rats. The Panel identified a no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of at least 1,672 mg TOS/kg body weight per day, the highest dose tested. Similarity of the amino acid sequence to those of known allergens was searched and no match was found. The Panel considered that, under the intended conditions of use, the risk of allergic sensitisation and elicitation reactions by dietary exposure cannot be excluded, but the likelihood is considered to be low. Based on the data provided and the removal of TOS during the fats and oils processing for degumming, the Panel concluded that this food enzyme does not give rise to safety concerns under the intended conditions of use.

Panel members at the time of adoption

José Manuel Barat Baviera, Claudia Bolognesi, Beat Johannes Brüschweiler, Andrew Chesson, Pier Sandro Cocconcelli, Riccardo Crebelli, David Michael Gott, Konrad Grob, Evgenia Lampi, Alicja Mortensen, Gilles Rivière, Vittorio Silano, Inger‐Lise Steffensen, Christina Tlustos, Henk Van Loveren, Laurence Vernis, Holger Zorn.
Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes and Processing Aids
fip [at]
EFSA Journal 2019;17(4):5682
Question Number
On request from
European Commission