Safety and efficacy of Deccox® (decoquinate) for chickens for fattening

Deccox®, decoquinate, coccidiostats, chickens for fattening, safety, efficacy
First published in the EFSA Journal
14 January 2019
Adopted
29 November 2018
Type
Scientific Opinion

Abstract

Deccox®, containing decoquinate as the active substance, is a feed additive intended to be used for the prevention of coccidiosis in chickens for fattening at a dose range of 20–40 mg/kg complete feed. Decoquinate from Deccox® is safe for chickens for fattening at the highest applied concentration in complete feed of 40 mg/kg. No practically relevant interactions with other additives or veterinary drugs exist except with bentonite. Decoquinate does not have antibacterial action. Decoquinate is not genotoxic and not carcinogenic. Deccox® is safe for the consumer under the proposed conditions of use. No withdrawal period is required to ensure consumer safety. No maximum residue limits are considered necessary. The inhalation risk for users is considered negligible since inhalation toxicity and exposure are very low. Deccox® is not an irritant to skin and eyes and has no sensitisation potential. The ratios predicted environmental concentration/predicted no effect concentration (PEC/PNEC) for terrestrial, aquatic compartment and sediment are below 1, indicating that decoquinate used in chickens for fattening up to the highest proposed dose, does not pose a risk for these compartments; as well, no risk is expected neither for secondary poisoning nor for groundwater contamination. Due to insufficient evidence, the potential of decoquinate to prevent coccidiosis in chickens for fattening cannot be established.

Panel members at the time of adoption

Giovanna Azimonti, Vasileios Bampidis, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Henrik Christensen, Birgit Dusemund, Maryline Kouba, Mojca Kos Durjava, Marta López‐Alonso, Secundino López Puente, Francesca Marcon, Baltasar Mayo, Alena Pechová, Mariana Petkova, Fernando Ramos, Yolanda Sanz, Roberto Edoardo Villa and Ruud Woutersen.
Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed
Contact
feedap [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2019.5541
EFSA Journal 2019;17(1):5541
Question Number
On request from
European Commission
Disclaimer
Relevant information or parts of this scientific output have been blackened in accordance with the European Commission decision on the confidentiality requests formulated by the applicant. The full output has been shared with the European Commission, EU Member States and the applicant.