Review of the existing maximum residue levels for imazalil according to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005

imazalil, MRL review, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, consumer risk assessment, imidazole, pesticide, fungicide
First published in the EFSA Journal
5 September 2017
9 August 2017
1 November 2017. This version replaces the previous one/s.

An editorial correction was carried out that does not materially affect the contents or outcome of this scientific output. To avoid confusion, the older version has been removed from the EFSA Journal, but is available on request, as is a version showing all the changes made.A correction of the application rate value expressed in g a.i/hl has been made for the post-harvest waxing uses on grapefruits and oranges in the Appendix A3 (fall-back GAPs) to align with the correct dose rate expressed in terms of g a.i./ton (300 g a.i./hl is now reported, equivalent to 3 g a.i./ton, cf pages 32–33 and 36). The error only occurred in the GAP table while the overall assessment or MRL recommendations remained unchanged.

Reasoned Opinion


According to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, EFSA has reviewed the maximum residue levels (MRLs) currently established at European level for the pesticide active substance imazalil. To assess the occurrence of imazalil residues in plants, processed commodities, rotational crops and livestock, EFSA considered the conclusions derived in the framework of Directive 91/414/EEC and under Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009, the MRLs established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission as well as the European authorisations reported by Member States (including the supporting residues data). Based on the assessment of the available data, MRL proposals were derived and a consumer risk assessment was carried out. Some information required by the regulatory framework was missing and a possible chronic and acute risk to consumers was identified. Hence, the consumer risk assessment is considered indicative only, some MRL proposals derived by EFSA still require further consideration by risk managers and measures for reduction of the consumer exposure should also be considered.

European Food Safety Authority
pesticides.mrl [at]
EFSA Journal 2017;15(9):4977
Question Number
On request from
European Commission

Background documents