Safety of synthetic N-acetyl-d-neuraminic acid as a novel food pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 258/97

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Article
N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid, NANA, novel food, ingredient, safety
First published in the EFSA Journal
25 July 2017
Adopted
28 June 2017
Type
Scientific Opinion
Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on synthetic N-acetyl-d-neuraminic acid (NANA) as a novel food (NF) submitted pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 258/97. The information on the composition, the specifications, the batch-to-batch variability, stability and production process of the NF is sufficient and does not raise concerns about the safety of the NF. The NF is intended to be marketed as an ingredient in formulae and foods for infants and young children as well as an ingredient in a variety of foods and in food supplements for the general population. NANA is naturally present in human milk, in a bound and free form. The Margin of Exposure, which was based on the no-observed-adverse effect level (NOAEL) of 493 mg/kg body weight (bw) per day from a subchronic study and the anticipated daily intake of the NF, was considered to be sufficient for fortified foods for the general population and for food supplements for individuals above 10 years of age, as the anticipated daily intake was in the range of the exposure to free NANA from the consumption of early human milk, which is considered to be safe. The Panel concludes that the NF is safe when added to foods other than food supplements at the proposed uses and use levels for the general population; is safe in food supplements alone at the proposed uses and use levels for individuals above 10 years of age; is safe at the combined intake from fortified foods plus food supplements in individuals above 10 years of age; the safety of the NF is not established in food supplements alone at the proposed uses and use levels for individuals below 10 years of age.

Panel members at the time of adoption
Jean-Louis Bresson, Barbara Burlingame, Tara Dean, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Marina Heinonen, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Inge Mangelsdorf, Harry J McArdle, Androniki Naska, Monika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Grażyna Nowicka, Kristina Pentieva, Yolanda Sanz, Alfonso Siani, Anders Sjödin, Martin Stern, Daniel Tomé, Dominique Turck, Henk van Loveren, Marco Vinceti and Peter Willatts.
Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies
Contact
nda [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4918
EFSA Journal 2017;15(7):4918 [28 pp.].
Question Number
On request from
European Commission following an application by Glycom A/S
Print on demand
Number of Pages
28