Safety and efficacy of secondary alicyclic saturated and unsaturated alcohols, ketones, ketals and esters with ketals containing alicyclic alcohols or ketones and esters containing secondary alicyclic alcohols from chemical group 8 when used as flavourings for all animal species

sensory additives, feed flavourings, secondary alicyclic saturated and unsaturated alcohols/ketones/ketals/esters, chemical group 8, safety
First published in the EFSA Journal
6 June 2016
20 April 2016
Scientific Opinion


This opinion considers the safety and efficacy of 29 compounds belonging to chemical group 8. The EFSA Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) established the following conclusions: menthol [02.015] is safe at 25 mg/kg complete feed for all target species; menthyl acetate [09.016], d-carvone [07.146] and methyl dihydrojasmonate [09.520] at 5 mg/kg for all species; α-ionone [07.007], β-ionone [07.008] and d,l-isoborneol [02.059] at 5 mg/kg feed for salmonids, veal calves and dogs, and at 1 mg/kg feed for the remaining species; d,l-isobornyl acetate [09.218] at 5 mg/kg for all target species except chickens for fattening, laying hens, piglets and cats, for which 1 mg/kg is safe; d,l-borneol [02.016], fenchyl alcohol [02.038], α-irone [07.011], (Z)-β-damascone [07.083], β-damascenone [07.108], (E)-β-damascone [07.224], cyclohexyl acetate [09.027], carvyl acetate [09.215], dihydrocarvyl acetate [09.216] and fenchyl acetate [09.269] at 1 mg/kg for all target species; and d,l-isomenthone [07.078], nootkatone [07.089], Z-jasmone [07.094], 3-methyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one [07.112], isophorone [07.126], dihydrojasmone [07.140], l-carvone [07.147], d-fenchone [07.159], trans-menthone [07.176], d-camphor[07.215] and d,l-bornyl acetate [09.017] are safe only at concentrations below the proposed use levels (0.5 mg/kg for cattle, salmonids and non-food producing animals, and 0.3 mg/kg for pigs and poultry). No safety concern would arise for consumers from the use of these compounds as proposed in feeds. Hazards for skin and eye contact, and respiratory exposure are recognised for the majority of the compounds under application. Most are classified as irritating to the respiratory system. Use of the majority of the compounds in animal feed at the maximum safe level is considered safe for the environment. As all of the compounds are used in food as flavourings and their function in feed is essentially the same as that in food no demonstration of efficacy is necessary.

Panel members at the time of adoption

Gabriele Aquilina, Giovanna Azimonti, Vasileios Bampidis, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Georges Bories, Andrew Chesson, Pier Sandro Cocconcelli, Gerhard Flachowsky, Jürgen Gropp, Boris Kolar, Maryline Kouba, Secundino López Puente, Marta López-Alonso, Alberto Mantovani, Baltasar Mayo, Fernando Ramos, Guido Rychen, Maria Saarela, Roberto Edoardo Villa, Robert John Wallace and Pieter Wester
Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed
feedap [at]
EFSA Journal 2016;14(6):4475
Question Number
On request from
European Commission