Review of the existing maximum residue levels (MRLs) for phosphane and phosphide salts according to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005

phosphane, phosphide, MRL review, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, consumer risk assessment, fumigant
First published in the EFSA Journal
4 December 2015
25 November 2015
Reasoned Opinion
According to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has reviewed the maximum residue levels (MRLs) currently established at European level for phosphane; this residue may result from the use of phosphane itself or from the use of certain phosphide salts. In order to assess the occurrence of phosphane residues in plants, processed commodities, rotational crops and livestock, EFSA considered the conclusions derived in the framework of Directive 91/414/EEC, the MRLs established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission as well as the European authorisations reported by Member States (incl. the supporting residues data). Based on the assessment of the available data, MRL proposals were derived and a consumer risk assessment was carried out. Although no apparent risk to consumers was identified, some information required by the regulatory framework was missing. Hence, the consumer risk assessment is considered indicative only and some MRL proposals derived by EFSA still require further consideration by risk managers. 
European Food Safety Authority
pesticides.mrl [at]
EFSA Journal 2015;13(12):4325 [88 pp.].
On request from
European Commission