Review of the existing maximum residue levels (MRLs) for phosphane and phosphide salts according to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005

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Article
European Food Safety Authority
Acknowledgements

EFSA wishes to thank the rapporteur Member State Germany for the preparatory work on this scientific output.

EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2015;13(12):4325 [88 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4325
Type
Reasoned Opinion
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2009-00095
EFSA-Q-2009-00151
EFSA-Q-2009-00157
EFSA Q 2009 00173
EFSA-Q-2012-00944
Approved
25 November 2015
Published
4 December 2015
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract

According to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has reviewed the maximum residue levels (MRLs) currently established at European level for phosphane; this residue may result from the use of phosphane itself or from the use of certain phosphide salts. In order to assess the occurrence of phosphane residues in plants, processed commodities, rotational crops and livestock, EFSA considered the conclusions derived in the framework of Directive 91/414/EEC, the MRLs established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission as well as the European authorisations reported by Member States (incl. the supporting residues data). Based on the assessment of the available data, MRL proposals were derived and a consumer risk assessment was carried out. Although no apparent risk to consumers was identified, some information required by the regulatory framework was missing. Hence, the consumer risk assessment is considered indicative only and some MRL proposals derived by EFSA still require further consideration by risk managers. 

Keywords
phosphane, phosphide, MRL review, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, consumer risk assessment, fumigant
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Number of Pages
88