Setting of a temporary maximum residue level for mepiquat in cultivated fungi

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Article
European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2016;14(2):4315 [25 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2016.4315
Type
Reasoned Opinion
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2015-00074
Approved
18 November 2015
Published in the EFSA Journal
18 February 2016
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract
In accordance with Article 16 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the United Kingdom, hereafter referred to as the evaluating Member State (EMS), received an application from the company BASF SE to set a temporary maximum residue level (MRL) for the active substance mepiquat in cultivated fungi, based on monitoring data. This application was notified to the European Commission and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and was subsequently evaluated by the EMS in accordance with Article 8 of the Regulation. After completion, the evaluation report was submitted to the European Commission and to EFSA. Mepiquat residues in cultivated mushrooms do not result from the use of the active substance on mushrooms, but from the uptake from the growth substrate composed of straw from cereals that have been previously treated with mepiquat. The monitoring dataset submitted by the United Kingdom was completed by additional data from national control programmes. Based on a total of 545 samples and on the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) approaches recommended for the setting of MRLs in spices and for the setting of extraneous MRLs (EMRL), EFSA derived three optional MRL proposals of 0.05, 0.07 and 0.09 mg/kg. It is proposed to risk managers to decide which value is the more appropriate to cover the presence of mepiquat residue in cultivated fungi. EFSA concludes that the highest MRL proposal for mepiquat will not result in a consumer exposure exceeding the toxicological reference values and therefore is unlikely to pose a concern for public health.
Keywords
mepiquat, cultivated fungi, MRL application, consumer risk assessment
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Number of Pages
25