Scientific Opinion on the safety assessment of the process ‘General Plastic’ used to recycle post-consumer PET into food contact materials

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Article
Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2015;13(11):4284 [13 pp.].
Possible conflict of interest
One member of the Panel did not participate in the discussion on the subject referred to above because of potential conflicts of interest identified in accordance with the EFSA policy on declarations of interests.
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4284
Panel members at the time of adoption
Claudia Bolognesi, Laurence Castle, Jean-Pierre Cravedi, Karl-Heinz Engel, Paul Fowler, Roland Franz, Konrad Grob, Rainer Gürtler, Trine Husøy, Sirpa Kärenlampi, Wim Mennes, Maria Rosaria Milana, André Penninks, Vittorio Silano, Andrew Smith, Maria de Fátima Tavares Poças, Christina Tlustos, Detlef Wölfle, Holger Zorn and Corina-Aurelia Zugravu.
Acknowledgements
The Panel wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on Recycling Plastics, Laurence Castle, Vincent Dudler, Nathalie Gontard, Eugenia Lampi, Maria Rosaria Milana, Cristina Nerin, Constantine Papaspyrides and Maria de Fátima Tavares Poças and EFSA staff member Cristina Croera for the preparatory work on this scientific output.
Contact
Type
Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
On request from
Public health authority of Slovak Republic
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2013-00754
Adopted
28 October 2015
Published in the EFSA Journal
18 November 2015
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract
This scientific opinion of the EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids deals with the safety assessment of the recycling process General Plastic (EU register number RECYC107). According to the applicant, the input to the process is hot caustic washed poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) flakes originating from separate collected post-consumer PET bottles, containing no more than 5% of PET from non-food consumer applications. In this process, washed post-consumer PET flakes are dried before being extruded into pellets. The pellets are crystallised and then undergo solid-state polycondensation. Having examined the challenge test and the information provided, the Panel concluded that the process ‘General Plastic’ is not adequately characterised and the applicant has not demonstrated that the recycling process ‘General Plastic’ is able to reduce any contamination of the plastic input to a concentration that does not pose a risk to human health.
Keywords
General Plastic, food contact materials, plastic, poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), recycling process, safety assessment
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Number of Pages
13