The Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids of the European Food Safety Authority was requested to evaluate 22 flavouring substances in the Flavouring Group Evaluation 9, Revision 6, using the Procedure in Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000. None of the substances was considered to have genotoxic potential. The substances were evaluated through a stepwise approach (the Procedure) that integrates information on structure–activity relationships, intake from current uses, toxicological threshold of concern and available data on metabolism and toxicity. The present revision of FGE.09 includes the assessment of one additional flavouring substance, trans-3-methyl-2-(2-pentenyl)-2-cyclopenten-1-one [FL-no: 07.219]. The Panel concluded that the 22 substances [FL-nos: 02.070, 02.075, 02.135, 02.167, 06.136, 07.059, 07.109, 07.202, 07.203, 07.219, 07.255, 09.154, 09.355, 09.520, 09.618, 09.619, 09.621, 09.843, 09.870, 09.929, 09.935 and 09.949] do not give rise to safety concerns at their levels of dietary intake, estimated on the basis of the MSDI approach. However, based on mTAMDI calculations, for 11 flavouring substances [FL-nos: 07.059, 07.109, 07.202, 07.203, 09.154, 09.520, 09.618, 09.619, 09.843, 09.935 and 09.949] more reliable exposure data are required for a re-evaluation. For two substances [FL-nos: 07.219 and 09.929] no use levels are available and these should be submitted. Besides the safety assessment of these flavouring substances, the specifications for the materials of commerce have been considered. Specifications, including complete purity criteria and identity for the materials of commerce, have been provided for all candidate substances.
© European Food Safety Authority, 2015