Modification of maximum residue levels for cyazofamid in hops, globe artichokes, leeks and spring/green onions and Welsh onions

Tabs

Article
European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2015;13(8):4204
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4204
Type
Reasoned Opinion
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2015-00077
Approved
23 July 2015
Published in the EFSA Journal
17 August 2015
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract
In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the evaluating Member State (EMS), Belgium, received an application from ISK Biosciences Europe N.V. to modify the existing maximum residue levels (MRLs) for the active substance cyazofamid in hops, globe artichokes, leeks and spring onions/green onions and Welsh onions. In order to accommodate for the intended uses of cyazofamid, Belgium proposed to set the MRL at 0.4 mg/kg for leeks and spring onions/green onions and Welsh onions, at 0.15 mg/kg for globe artichokes and at 20 mg/kg for hops. Belgium drafted an evaluation report in accordance with Article 8 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, which was submitted to the European Commission (EC) and forwarded to EFSA. According to EFSA the data are sufficient to derive a MRL of 0.4 mg/kg for spring onions/green onions and Welsh onions and a MRL of 20 mg/kg for hops. An amendment of the MRL is not proposed for globe artichokes and leeks as long as the toxicity of metabolite CCIM observed as the predominant compound of the residues in the hydrolysis study is not addressed and information on the possible residue levels of this compound in the processed food commodities is not provided. Adequate analytical enforcement methods are available to control the residues of cyazofamid on the commodities under consideration. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concludes that the proposed uses of cyazofamid on spring onions/green onions and Welsh onions and on hops will not result in a consumer exposure exceeding the toxicological reference value and therefore is unlikely to pose a consumer health risk.
Keywords
cyazofamid, hops, globe artichokes, leeks, spring onions/green onions and Welsh onions, MRL application, consumer risk assessment