Reasoned opinion on the setting of maximum residue levels for tefluthrin in various crops

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Article
European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2015;13(7):4196 [24 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4196
Type
Reasoned Opinion
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2013-00259
Approved
3 July 2015
Published in the EFSA Journal
15 July 2015
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract

In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, France, hereafter referred to as the evaluating Member State (EMS), received an application from Syngenta Agro S.A.S. to modify the existing maximum residue levels (MRLs) for the active substance tefluthrin in beetroots, celeriacs, radishes, swedes, turnips, garlic, onions, shallots, herbal infusions from roots, root and rhizome spices, sugar beet and chicory roots. In order to accommodate for the intended uses of tefluthrin, France proposed to raise the existing MRLs from 0.05 mg/kg to 0.1 mg/kg for radishes, 0.09 mg/kg for beetroots, swedes, turnips, herbal infusions from roots, root and rhizome spices, sugar beet and chicory roots, 0.15 mg/kg for celeriacs and onions and 0.4 mg/kg for garlic and shallots. France drafted an evaluation report in accordance with Article 8 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, which was submitted to the European Commission and forwarded to EFSA. According to EFSA the data are sufficient to derive an MRL proposal of 0.08 mg/kg for beetroots, celeriacs, swedes and turnips, of 0.1 mg/kg on radishes, of 0.07 mg/kg on garlic, onions, sugar beet and chicory roots, of 0.3 mg/kg on shallots and of 0.7 mg/kg on herbal infusions from roots and root and rhizome spices in northern and southern Europe.

Adequate analytical enforcement methods are available to monitor the residues of tefluthrin on the commodities under consideration. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concludes thatthe proposed use of tefluthrin on beetroots, celeriacs, radishes, swedes, turnips, garlic, onions, shallots, herbal infusions from roots, root and rhizome spices, sugar beet and chicory roots will not result in a consumer exposure exceeding the toxicological reference values and therefore is unlikely to pose a consumer health risk.

Keywords
tefluthrin, root crops, MRL application, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, consumer risk assessment, pyrethroid ester insecticide
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Number of Pages
24