Scientific opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 3 (FGE.25Rev3): Aliphatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
The Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids of the European Food Safety Authority was requested to evaluate 14 flavouring substances in the Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 3, using the Procedure in Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000. None of the substances was considered to have a genotoxic potential. This revision is made due to the inclusion of new toxicity data on the supporting substances β-caryophyllene [FL-no: 01.007] and myrcene [FL-no: 01.008] considered in FGE.78Rev2 to cover the assessment of 4(10)-thujene [FL-no: 01.059], 2,6-dimethylocta-2,4,6-triene [FL-no: 01.035], cis-3,7-dimethyl-1,3,6-octatriene [FL-no: 01.064] and 1-octene [FL-no: 01.070]. The substances were evaluated through a stepwise approach (the Procedure) that integrates information on structure-activity relationships, intake from current uses, toxicological threshold of concern, and available data on metabolism and toxicity. The Panel concluded that all 14 substances [FL-no: 01.001, 01.027, 01.028, 01.033, 01.034, 01.035, 01.038, 01.039, 01.046, 01.054, 01.057, 01.059, 01.064, 01.070] do not give rise to safety concerns at their levels of dietary intake, estimated on the basis of the MSDI approach. Besides the safety assessment of these flavouring substances, the specifications for the materials of commerce have also been considered. Adequate specifications including complete purity and identity criteria for the materials of commerce have been provided for all 14 candidate substances.