Scientific Opinion on the safety of the proposed extension of use of erythritol (E 968) as a food additive

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Article
Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources Added to Food
Acknowledgements

The Panel wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on Applications: Maria Jose Frutos, David Gott, Lieve Herman, Claude Lambré, Jean-Charles Leblanc, Peter Moldeus, Alicja Mortensen, Ivan Stankovic, Paul Tobback, Ine Waalkens-Berendsen, Rudolf Antonius Woutersen and Matthew Wright for the preparatory work on this scientific opinion and EFSA staff: Paolo Colombo and Camilla Smeraldi, for the support provided to this scientific opinion.

EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2015;13(3):4033 [15 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4033
Panel members at the time of adoption
Fernando Aguilar, Riccardo Crebelli, Alessandro Di Domenico, Birgit Dusemund, Maria Jose Frutos, Pierre Galtier, David Gott, Ursula Gundert-Remy, Claude Lambré, Jean-Charles Leblanc, Oliver Lindtner, Peter Moldeus, Alicja Mortensen, Pasquale Mosesso, Dominique Parent-Massin, Agneta Oskarsson, Ivan Stankovic, Ine Waalkens-Berendsen, Rudolf Antonius Woutersen, Matthew Wright and Maged Younes.
Contact
Type
Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2014-00493
Adopted
12 February 2015
Published
5 March 2015
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS) provides here a scientific opinion on the safety of erythritol (E 968) in light of the proposed extension of use of erythritol to be added at a maximum level of 1.6 % (16 g/L) as a flavour enhancer in non-alcoholic beverages. In 1999, the Joint Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/World Health Organization Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) evaluated erythritol and assigned an ADI (acceptable daily intake) “not specified”. In 2003, the European Union (EU) Scientific Committee on Food (SCF) concluded that erythritol is safe for use in foods. The EU approval of erythritol does not yet cover its use in beverages because the SCF opinion stated that the laxative threshold may be exceeded, especially by young consumers, through ingestion of erythritol in beverages. Based on the new data comprising a revised exposure estimate taking into account the proposed maximum level of 1.6 % erythritol in non-alcoholic beverages, the history of its use, the absorption characteristics of erythritol and the lack of adverse findings, including laxation, the ANS Panel concluded that the acute bolus consumption of erythritol via non-alcoholic beverages at a maximum level of 1.6 % would not raise concerns for laxation. 

Keywords
food additive, sweetener, erythritol, E 968, laxation, gastrointestinal tolerability
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Number of Pages
15