Refined exposure assessment for curcumin (E 100)


European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2014;12(10):3876 [43 pp.].

EFSA wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on Exposure Assessment: Polly Boon, Jürgen König, Jean-Charles Leblanc, Oliver Lindtner, Christophe Matthys and Christina Tlustos for the preparatory work on this scientific output and EFSA staff: Alexandra Tard, Davide Arcella, Stavroula Tasiopoulou for the support provided to this scientific output.

Statement of EFSA
On request from
Question Number
21 October 2014
Published in the EFSA Journal
23 October 2014
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy

Following a self-tasking request, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) carried out a refined exposure assessment for curcumin (E 100) taking into account additional information on its use in foods. In 2010, the EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS) adopted a scientific opinion on the re-evaluation of curcumin (E 100) used as a food additive. In that opinion, the Panel concluded that at the maximum levels of use, intake estimates for 1 to 10-year old children at the mean and the high level can be above the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) of 3 mg/kg body weight per day in some European countries. Following this conclusion, EFSA performed a refined exposure assessment for this food colour, using new usage data from industry, as well as monitoring data from Member States submitted to EFSA and the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database. Usage data from industry were provided to EFSA for 52 out of the 57 food categories in which curcumin is authorised as a food additive. Analytical results provided to EFSA from Member States were all below the limit of detection (LOD) except for four samples of the food category edible ices. Using the reported use levels, exposure estimates for adolescents, adults and the elderly were below the ADI both at the mean and at the high level (95th percentile) of exposure. This was also true for the mean exposure estimates for toddlers and children. High level estimates were at the level of the ADI in these two population groups, with exceedance of the ADI in one survey each. In comparison to the previous assessment of 2010, the current exposure estimates based on reported use levels and consumption data at individual level were lower.

curcumin, E 100, dietary exposure, EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database, food colours
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