Statement on a request from the European Commission related to an emergency measure notified by France under Article 34 of Regulation (EC) 1829/2003 to prohibit the cultivation of genetically modified maize MON 810

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Article
European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2014;12(8):3809 [18 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2014.3809
Acknowledgements

EFSA wishes to thank EFSA staff: Yann Devos, Anna Lanzoni and Yi Liu for the preparatory work on this statement, and the members of the Working Groups on Food and Feed Risk Assessment and Environment Risk Assessment for the support provided to this statement.

Contact
Type
Statement of EFSA
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2014-00203
Approved
31 July 2014
Published
1 August 2014
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
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Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) evaluated the documentation submitted by France under Article 34 of Regulation (EC) 1829/2003 in support of its request to prohibit the cultivation of genetically modified maize MON 810 in the EU. Neither the scientific publications cited in the documentation submitted by France with relevance to maize MON 810 nor the arguments put forward by France reveal any new information that would invalidate the previous risk assessment conclusions and risk management recommendations made by the EFSA GMO Panel. EFSA considers that the previous GMO Panel risk assessment conclusions and risk management recommendations on maize MON 810 remain valid and applicable. Therefore, EFSA concludes that, based on the documentation submitted by France, there is no specific scientific evidence, in terms of risk to human and animal health or the environment, that would support the adoption of an emergency measure on the cultivation of maize MON 810 under Article 34 of Regulation (EC) 1829/2003.

Summary

On 25 March 2014, the European Commission requested the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to assess the supporting documentation submitted by France to notify an emergency measure under Article 34 of Regulation (EC) 1829/2003, prohibiting the cultivation of genetically modified maize MON 810 in the EU.

EFSA assessed the documentation supplied by the French Authorities and the scientific publications cited in the French Authorities’ report. For each area of concern outlined in the French Authorities’ report, EFSA assessed whether any of the scientific publications not previously addressed by EFSA and/or its GMO Panel, or any of the arguments put forward by France, would invalidate the previous GMO Panel conclusions on the safety of maize MON 810. Moreover, EFSA considered the relevance of concerns raised by France in the light of the most recent and relevant scientific data published in the scientific literature.

During its evaluation of the French Authorities’ report, EFSA noted that most of the cited scientific publications were addressed previously by EFSA and its GMO Panel in various scientific outputs. These publications were therefore not considered further. For the remaining scientific publications, EFSA has focused its assessment on those aspects that are relevant to maize MON 810.

Neither the scientific publications cited in the French Authorities’ report with relevance to maize MON 810 nor the arguments put forward by France reveal any new information that would invalidate the previous risk assessment conclusions and risk management recommendations made by the EFSA GMO Panel. Therefore, EFSA considers that the previous GMO Panel risk assessment conclusions and risk management recommendations on maize MON 810 remain valid and applicable.

EFSA concludes that, based on the documentation submitted by France, there is no specific scientific evidence, in terms of risk to human and animal health or the environment, that would support the adoption of an emergency measure on the cultivation of maize MON 810 under Article 34 of Regulation (EC) 1829/2003.

Keywords
GMO, maize (Zea mays), MON 810, France, emergency measure, environment, Directive 2002/53/EC
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Number of Pages
18