Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to a combination of lutein and zeaxanthin and improved vision under bright light conditions pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006

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Article
Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2014;12(7):3753 [12 pp.].
Possible conflict of interest
One member of the Panel did not participate in the discussion on the subject referred to above because of potential conflicts of interest identified in accordance with the EFSA policy on declarations of interests.
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2014.3753
Panel members at the time of adoption
Carlo Agostoni, Roberto Berni Canani, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Marina Heinonen, Hannu Korhonen, Sébastien La Vieille, Rosangela Marchelli, Ambroise Martin, Androniki Naska, Monika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Grażyna Nowicka, Yolanda Sanz, Alfonso Siani, Anders Sjödin, Martin Stern, Sean (J.J.) Strain, Inge Tetens, Daniel Tomé, Dominique Turck and Hans Verhagen.
Acknowledgements

The Panel wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on Claims: Carlo Agostoni, Jean-Louis Bresson, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Marina Heinonen, Ambroise Martin, Hildegard Przyrembel, Yolanda Sanz, Alfonso Siani, Anders Sjödin, Inge Tetens, Hendrik Van Loveren, Hans Verhagen and Peter Willatts for the preparatory work on this scientific opinion.

Contact
Type
Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
On request from
Competent Authority of France following an application by DSM Nutritional Products and Kemin Foods
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2013-00875
Adopted
25 June 2014
Published in the EFSA Journal
14 July 2014
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract

Following an application from DSM Nutritional Products and Kemin Foods, submitted for authorisation of a health claim pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 via the Competent Authority of France, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on the scientific substantiation of a health claim related to a combination of lutein and zeaxanthin and improved vision under bright light conditions. The Panel considers that the food is sufficiently characterised. Improved vision under bright light conditions is a beneficial physiological effect. The applicant provided a total of 10 published and one unpublished human intervention studies as being pertinent to the health claim. Five studies investigated the effects of lutein and/or zeaxanthin on macular pigment optical density, but did not assess vision, whereas two studies investigated the effects of lutein only. Two further studies had already been evaluated by the Panel in a previous assessment. No conclusions could be drawn from one further small (no effect) study. In a further trial with a large number of missing data owing to drop-out/non-compliance of study subjects, a combination of lutein and zeaxanthin had no effect on any outcomes of visual function in the population of subjects completing the protocol as planned. In weighing the evidence, the Panel took into account that the one study from which conclusions could be drawn did not show an effect of lutein plus zeaxanthin on vision. The Panel concludes that a cause and effect relationship has not been established between the consumption of a combination of lutein and zeaxanthin and improved vision under bright light conditions.

Keywords
lutein, zeaxanthin, vision, visual performance, contrast sensitivity, health claims
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Number of Pages
12