The European Union Summary Report on Trends and Sources of Zoonoses, Zoonotic Agents and Food-borne Outbreaks in 2012


European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2014;12(2):3547

EFSA and ECDC wish to thank the members of the Task Force on Zoonoses Data Collection and the Food and Waterborne Diseases and Zoonoses Network who provided the data and reviewed the report. Also the contributions of the following for their support provided to this scientific output are gratefully acknowledged: EFSA staff members Pia Mäkelä, Frank Boelaert, Valentina Rizzi, Marios Georgiadis, Anca Stoicescu, Giusi Amore, Roisin Rooney, Emanuela Tacci, Francesca Riolo, Kenneth Mulligan; ECDC staff members Therese Westrell, Eva Warns-Petit, Joana Gomes Dias, Virginia Estevez, Taina Niskanen, Laurence Marrama and Johanna Takkinen; and EFSA’s contractor, the National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, and their staff members Helle Korsgaard, Anna Irene Vedel Sørensen, Jeffrey Edward Skiby, Lars Stehr Larsen, Birgitte Helwigh and Birgitte Borck Høg.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
Scientific Report of EFSA
On request from
Question Number
22 January 2014
Published in the EFSA Journal
19 February 2014
Last Updated
10 March 2016. This version replaces the previous one/s.
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Parma Italy
The European Food Safety Authority and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control analysed information submitted by 27 European Union Member States on the occurrence of zoonoses and food-borne outbreaks in 2012. Campylobacteriosis was the most commonly reported zoonosis, with 214,268 confirmed human cases. The occurrence of Campylobacter continued to be high in broiler meat at EU level. The decreasing trend in confirmed salmonellosis cases in humans continued with a total of 91,034 cases reported in 2012. Most Member States met their Salmonella reduction targets for poultry. In foodstuffs,Salmonella was most often detected in meat and products thereof. The number of confirmed human listeriosis cases increased to 1,642. Listeria was seldom detected above the legal safety limit from ready-to-eat foods. A total of 5,671 confirmed verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) infections were reported. VTEC was also reported from food and animals. The number of human tuberculosis cases due to Mycobacterium bovis was 125 cases, and 328 cases of brucellosis in humans were reported. The prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in cattle increased, and the prevalence of brucellosis in cattle, sheep or goats decreased. Trichinella caused 301 human cases and was mainly detected in wildlife. One domestically acquired human case and one imported human case of rabies were reported. The number of rabies cases in animals increased compared with 2011. A total of 643 confirmed human cases of Q fever were reported. Almost all reporting Member States found Coxiella burnetii (Q fever) positive cattle, sheep or goats. A total of 232 cases of West Nile fever in humans were reported. Nine Member States reported West Nile virus findings in solipeds. Most of the 5,363 reported food-borne outbreaks were caused by Salmonella, bacterial toxins, viruses andCampylobacter, and the main food sources were eggs, mixed foods and fish and fishery products.
zoonoses, monitoring, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Listeria, parasites, food-borne outbreaks
Changes have been made to the Salmonella compliance on fresh poultry meat text on page 28, data on category 1.28 in Table SA5 on page 28, and Figure SA4 on page 29. The changes do not affect the overall discussion of the Salmonella chapter and the main findings of the output. To avoid confusion the original version of the output has been removed from the website but is available on request.
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