Reasoned opinion on the modification of the existing MRLs for phosmet in citrus fruits, pome fruits and rape seed

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Article
European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2013;11(12):3510 [33 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3510
Type
Reasoned Opinion
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2013-00841
Approved
11 December 2013
Published in the EFSA Journal
13 December 2013
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract

In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, Spain, hereafter referred to as the evaluating Member State (EMS), received an application from Gowan Comércio Internacional e Serviços Ltda to modify the existing MRLs for the active substance phosmet in citrus fruits, pome fruits and rape seed. In order to accommodate for the intended uses of phosmet, Spain proposed to raise the existing MRLs to 0.4 mg/kg in oranges and grapefruits and 0.6 mg/kg in the other fruits of the citrus group, to 0.5 mg/kg in pome fruits and to lower the existing MRL to 0.04 mg/kg in rape seed. Spain drafted an evaluation report in accordance with Article 8 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 which was submitted to the European Commission and forwarded to EFSA. According to EFSA the data are sufficient to derive a MRL proposal of 0.5 mg/kg for the proposed uses on citrus fruits and pome fruits. No modification of the existing MRL is proposed for rape seed. Adequate analytical enforcement methods are available to control the residues of phosmet and phosmet oxon in the commodities under consideration. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concludes that according to the internationally agreed methodology for estimation of the consumer exposure, the intended uses of phosmet in citrus fruits, pome fruits and rape seed will not result in an exposure exceeding the toxicological reference values and therefore are unlikely to pose a public health concern.

Keywords
phosmet, citrus and pome fruits, rape seed, MRL application, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, consumer risk assessment, organopohosphate insecticide, phosmet oxon
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Number of Pages
33