Statement complementing the scientific opinion on application EFSA-GMO-NL-2010-78 to cover the safety of soybean MON 87705 oil for commercial frying

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Article
Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2013;11(12):3507 [9 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3507
Panel members at the time of adoption
Salvatore Arpaia, Andrew Nicholas Edmund Birch, Andrew Chesson, Patrick du Jardin, Achim Gathmann, Jürgen Gropp, Lieve Herman, Hilde-Gunn Hoen-Sorteberg, Huw Jones, Jozsef Kiss, Gijs Kleter, Martinus Lovik, Antoine Messéan, Hanspeter Naegeli, Kaare Magne Nielsen, Jaroslava Ovesna, Joe Perry, Nils Rostoks, Christoph Tebbe
Acknowledgements

The Panel wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on Food and Feed for the preparatory work on this scientific opinion, in particular Hildegard Przyrembel and Peter Aggett and EFSA staff member Yi Liu, for the support provided to this scientific opinion.

Contact
Type
Statement of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2013-00423
Adopted
4 December 2013
Published
17 December 2013
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
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Abstract

In this statement, the EFSA GMO Panel responds to a request from the European Commission (EC) to assess the safety of soybean MON 87705 oil for commercial frying. The applicant provided exposure assessments based on total and partial substitutions of conventional soybean, rapeseed and sunflower oils with the soybean MON 87705 oil in foods (salad dressings, margarines and spreads, mayonnaise, crackers and salty snacks and soybean/rapeseed/sunflower oils processed foods). No distinction was made between commercial and domestic use, nor whether the oils were used in frying or not. The EFSA GMO Panel considers that this exposure scenario is the most pertinent in that it addresses not only the question raised by the EC about the possible use of soybean MON 87705 oil in frying, but also other possible food uses. Having assessed total replacement, the most conservative scenario arising from both domestic and commercial use of the oil, the EFSA GMO Panel concluded that the use of soybean MON 80775 oil does not impact on human health and nutrition. The Panel recommends a post-market monitoring plan for the marketed foods and feed.

Summary

The European Commission requested the EFSA GMO Panel, on 7 January 2013, to complement its opinion related to soybean MON 87705 by an assessment of the safety of using soybean MON 87705 oil for commercial frying. To do so, EFSA requested data from the applicant. The applicant provided an exposure assessment based on three substitution levels to replace conventional soybean, rapeseeed and sunflower oils in foods categorised in the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey of 2008–2010. Foods considered are salad dressings, margarines and spreads, mayonnaise, crackers and salty snacks and soybean/rapeseed/sunflower oils processed foods. No distinction was made between commercial and domestic use, nor whether the oils were used in frying or not. The average and upper percentile intakes (expressed as g/day and as E % of the total diet) of five fatty acids (palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and α-linolenic acid) arising from a total substitution of other oils by soybean MON 87705 oil were estimated, and the likely changes in total fatty acid consumption from the whole diet were calculated.

The EFSA GMO Panel considers that this exposure scenario is the most pertinent in that it addresses not only the question raised by the EC about the possible use of soybean MON 87705 oil in frying, but also other possible food uses. The total replacement constitutes the most conservative scenario arising from both commercial and non-commercial uses of the oil. The EFSA GMO Panel concluded that the use of soybean MON 80775 oil does not impact on human health and nutrition. The Panel recommends a post-market monitoring plan, focusing on the collection of consumption data for the European population, for the marketed foods and feed.

Keywords
GMO, soybean oil, MON 87705, exposure assessment, dietary intake, nutrition
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Number of Pages
9