Scientific Opinion on the safety evaluation of the following processes based on EREMA Advanced technology used to recycle post-consumer PET into food contact materials “Kruschitz”, “Vogtland PET”, “Veolia”, “ITW Polyrecycling”, “Texplast”, “Alimpet” and “Esox Prodimpex”

food contact materials, plastic, poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), recycling processes, EREMA advanced, safety assessment
First published in the EFSA Journal
22 November 2013
4 November 2013
Last Updated
29 November 2013. This version replaces the previous one/s.
Scientific Opinion


This scientific opinion of the EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids deals with the safety assessment of the recycling processes Kruschitz, Vogtland PET, Veolia, ITW Polyrecycling, Texplast. Alimpet and Esox Prodimpex (RECYC013, RECYC014, RECYC015, RECYC018, RECYC022, RECYC026 and RECYC033 respectively) which are based on the same EREMA Advanced technology. The input to the processes is washed and dried PET flakes originating from collected post-consumer poly(ethylene terephthalate)(PET) containers, mainly bottles and containing no more than 5 % PET from non-food consumer applications. In this technology, washed and dried PET flakes are heated successively in two continuous reactors before being extruded into pellets. Having examined the results of the challenge test provided, the Panel concluded that the continuous reactor (step 3) is the critical step that determines the decontamination efficiency of the processes. The operating parameters to control its performance are well defined and are temperature, pressure and residence time. It was demonstrated that the recycling processes under evaluation are able to ensure that the level of migration of potential unknown contaminants into food is below a conservatively modelled migration of 0.1 μg/kg food derived from the exposure scenario for infants and 0.15 μg/kg food derived from the exposure scenario for toddlers. The Panel concluded that recycled PET obtained from the processes is not of safety concern when used to manufacture articles intended for food contact materials applications in compliance with the conditions as specified in the conclusion of the opinion.

Panel members at the time of adoption

Ulla Beckman Sundh, Mona-Lise Binderup, Claudia Bolognesi, Leon Brimer, Laurence Castle, Alessandro Di Domenico, Karl-Heinz Engel, Roland Franz, Nathalie Gontard, Rainer Gürtler, Trine Husøy, Klaus-Dieter Jany, Martine Kolf-Clauw, Catherine Leclercq (until July 2013), Jean-Claude Lhuguenot (until November 2012), Wim Mennes, Maria Rosaria Milana, Maria de Fátima Tavares Poças, Iona Pratt, Kettil Svensson, Fidel Toldrá and Detlef Wölfle
Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids
cef [at]
EFSA Journal 2013;11(11):3463
On request from
Federal Ministry of Health, Austria; Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit, Germany; Ministero della Salute, Italy; Ministry of Health, Romania.
Competing interests
One member of the Panel did not participate in the discussion on the subject referred to above because of potential conflicts of interest identified in accordance with the EFSA policy on declarations of interests.