Refined exposure assessment for amaranth (E 123)


European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2013;11(10):3442 [18 pp.].

EFSA wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on Exposure Assessment: Jürgen König, Jean-Charles Leblanc and Christina Tlustos for the preparatory work on this scientific output and EFSA staff: Alexandra Tard, Davide Arcella, Stavroula Tasiopoulou for the support provided to this scientific output.

Statement of EFSA
On request from
Question Number
22 October 2013
Published in the EFSA Journal
29 October 2013
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy

Following a self-tasking request, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) carried out a refined exposure assessment of amaranth (E 123) taking into account additional information on its use in foods. In 2010, the EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS) adopted a scientific opinion on the re-evaluation of amaranth (E 123) used as a food additive. In that opinion, the Panel concluded that the anticipated dietary exposure of the adult population at the high level (97.5th percentile) may exceed the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) for amaranth (E 123) of 0.15 mg/kg body weight per day. Following this conclusion, EFSA performed a refined exposure assessment for this food colour. New usage data from industry were submitted to EFSA. Further to this, missing usage data were requested from relevant stakeholders through a targeted call and new information and data were provided. With the use of the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database, a refined exposure assessment was performed for amaranth (E 123). Dietary exposure for adults at the 95th percentile (up to 55.7 µg/kg bw/day) is about 15 times lower than that in the previous exposure assessment carried out in 2010. Overall, the refined exposure estimates for children, as well as for adults and the elderly, remain below the ADI.

amaranth, E 123, dietary exposure, EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database, food colours
Print on demand
Number of Pages