Scientific Opinion on the safety of “coriander seed oil” as a Novel Food ingredient

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Article
Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2013;11(10):3422 [20 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3422
Panel members at the time of adoption
Carlo Agostoni, Roberto Berni Canani, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Marina Heinonen, Hannu Korhonen, Sébastien La Vieille, Rosangela Marchelli, Ambroise Martin, Androniki Naska, Monika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Grażyna Nowicka, Yolanda Sanz, Alfonso Siani, Anders Sjödin, Martin Stern, Sean (J.J.) Strain, Inge Tetens, Daniel Tomé, Dominique Turck and Hans Verhagen
Acknowledgements

The Panel wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on Novel Foods: Paul Brantom, Karl-Heinz Engel, Marina Heinonen, Hannu Korhonen, Rosangela Marchelli, Bevan Moseley, Monika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Annette Pöting, Morten Poulsen, Seppo Salminen, Josef Schlatter, Hendrik Van Loveren and Hans Verhagen for the preparatory work on this scientific opinion.

Contact
Type
Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2013-00232
Adopted
10 October 2013
Published in the EFSA Journal
24 October 2013
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on “coriander seed oil (CSO)” as a novel food ingredient (NFI) in the context of Regulation (EC) No 258/97. Petroselinic acid (PA) is the major fatty acid in CSO. Conventional edible oil technologies are used to manufacture the NFI. The NFI is intended to be marketed as a food supplement for healthy adults, at a maximum level of 600 mg per day (i.e. 8.6 mg/kg bw per day for a 70 kg person), which would lead to significantly higher intakes of CSO and PA than current background intakes. There are no safety concerns regarding genotoxicity. In rats fed high amounts of CSO, increased liver weight, marked to severe fat infiltration in the liver, and lower tissue arachidonic acid concentrations were observed. In the same study, similar affects were observed when feeding other vegetable oils, although not as severe as that seen for CSO. The dose level of CSO was more than a thousand fold higher than the proposed use level. In a subchronic study using 150, 450 or 1 000 mg/kg bw per day of CSO, a treatment-related effect was observed on blood glucose concentrations of male rats. Although this effect was not accompanied by any toxicological findings, its biological relevance is unclear and therefore the Panel considers the dose level of 450 mg/kg bw per day to be the NOAEL in rats. This is more than 50 fold higher than the proposed use level. No treatment-related adverse effect was observed in one human study using the NFI at the proposed use level for six months. The Panel concludes that the novel food ingredient, CSO, is safe under the proposed uses and use levels.

Keywords
coriander seed oil, petroselenic acid, novel food, ingredient
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Number of Pages
20