Scientific Opinion on the safety assessment of the following processes based on Starlinger Decon technology used to recycle post-consumer PET into food contact materials “Re-PET”, “Etimex”, “Dannemann”,“Dentis”, “PRT”, “Tec-Folien”, “Linpac”, “Fellinger A flakes”,“TDX” and “HVZ”


Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2013;11(10):3397 [22 pp.].
Possible conflict of interest
One member of the Panel did not participate in the discussion on the subject referred to above because of potential conflicts of interest identified in accordance with the EFSA policy on declarations of interests.
Panel members at the time of adoption
Ulla Beckman Sundh, Mona-Lise Binderup, Claudia Bolognesi, Leon Brimer, Laurence Castle, Alessandro Di Domenico, Karl-Heinz Engel, Roland Franz, Nathalie Gontard, Rainer Gürtler, Trine Husøy, Klaus-Dieter Jany, Martine Kolf-Clauw, Catherine Leclercq (until July 2013), Jean-Claude Lhuguenot (until November 2012), Wim Mennes, Maria Rosaria Milana, Maria de Fátima Poças, Iona Pratt, Kettil Svensson, Fidel Toldrá and Detlef Wölfle.

The Panel wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on Recycling processes : Laurence Castle, Vincent Dudler, Nathalie Gontard, Eugenia Lampi, Maria Rosaria Milana, Cristina Nerin and Constantine Papaspyrides for the preparatory work on this scientific opinion.

Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
On request from
Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit, Germany; Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, Austria; Ministero della Salute, Italy; Food Standards Agency, United Kingdom; Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport, The Netherlands
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2010- 01064
26 September 2013
Published in the EFSA Journal
17 October 2013
26 May 2014. This version replaces the previous one/s.
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy

This scientific opinion of the EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids deals with the safety assessment of the recycling processes Re-PET, Etimex, Dannemann, Dentis, PRT, Tec-Folien, Fellinger A_flakes, Linpac, TDX and HVZ (EU register numbers RECYC031, RECYC032, RECYC045, RECYC046, RECYC048, RECYC049, RECYC059, RECYC077, RECYC100 and RECYC103 respectively) which are all based on the same Starlinger Decon technology. The decontamination efficiency of all these processes was demonstrated using the same challenge test. The input of all the processes is hot caustic washed and dried PET flakes originating from collected post-consumer PET containers, mainly bottles and trays, containing no more than 5 % of PET from non-food consumer applications. Through this technology washed and dried PET flakes are pre-heated before being solid state polymerised (SSP) in a continuous reactor at high temperature under vacuum and gas flow. Having examined the challenge test provided, the Panel concluded that the pre-heating (step 2) and the decontamination in the continuous SSP reactor (step 3) are the critical steps that determine the decontamination efficiency of the processes. The operating parameters to control their performance are well defined and are the temperature, the pressure, the residence time and the gas flow. Under these conditions it was demonstrated that the recycling processes under evaluation, using the Starlinger Decon technology, are able to ensure that the level of migration of potential unknown contaminants into food is below a conservatively modelled migration of 0.1 μg/kg food. Therefore, the Panel concluded that the recycled PET obtained from these processes intended to be used at up to 100 % for the manufacture of materials and articles for contact with all types of foodstuffs for long term storage at room temperature, with or without hotfill is not considered of safety concern.

Starlinger Decon; Food contact materials; Plastic; Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET); Recycling; Process; Safety assessment
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