Reasoned opinion on the modification of the existing MRLs for thiacloprid in spinach and similar leaves

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Article
European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2013;11(9):3382 [26 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3382
Type
Reasoned Opinion
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2013-00314
Approved
24 September 2013
Published
26 September 2013
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract

In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, Belgium, hereafter referred to as the evaluating Member State (EMS), compiled an application to modify the existing MRLs for the active substance thiacloprid in spinach and similar leaves crop group. In order to accommodate the intended indoor and outdoor uses of thiacloprid in Belgium, the EMS proposed to raise the existing MRLs for thiacloprid in spinach and similar leaves group or only in spinach and beet leaves to 0.15 mg/kg. Belgium drafted an evaluation report in accordance with Article 8 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, which was submitted to the European Commission and forwarded to EFSA. According to EFSA, the submitted residue trials data on lettuce are not sufficient to support the residue data extrapolation to the whole group of spinach and similar leaves. Alternatively, the EMS proposed to extrapolate four outdoor residue trials data on open leaf lettuce to spinach and beet leaves only. Although this extrapolation is not explicitly mentioned in the European guidance document, EFSA is of the opinion that the proposal is acceptable, considering the morphological similarities between spinach/beet leaves and open leave varieties of lettuce and taking into account that spinach and beet leaves are minor crops. Thus, a MRL proposal of 0.15 mg/kg is derived. Based on the risk assessment results EFSA concludes that the intended use of thiacloprid on spinach and beet leaves will not result in a consumer exposure exceeding the toxicological reference values and therefore is unlikely to pose a public health concern.

Keywords
Thiacloprid, spinach and similar, MRL application, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, consumer risk assessment, neonicotinoid insecticide
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Number of Pages
26