Vitamin A and normal development and function of the immune system

Tabs

Article
Vitamin A, infants, children, immune system, health claims
First published in the EFSA Journal
26 July 2013
Adopted
10 July 2013
Type
Scientific Opinion
Abstract

Following an application from IDACE, submitted pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 via the Competent Authority of France, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on the scientific substantiation of a health claim related to vitamin A and contribution to normal development and function of the immune system. The food constituent, vitamin A, which is the subject of the health claim, is sufficiently characterised. Contribution to normal development and function of the immune system is a beneficial physiological effect for infants and young children. A claim on vitamin A and normal function of the immune system in the general population has already been assessed with a favourable outcome. The Panel notes that the role of vitamin A in the normal function of the immune system also applies to the developing immune system of infants and young children (from birth to three years). The Panel concludes that a cause and effect relationship has been established between dietary intake of vitamin A and contribution to normal development and function of the immune system. The following wording reflects the scientific evidence: “Vitamin A contributes to the normal function of the immune system”. The target population is infants and children up to three years.

Panel members at the time of adoption
Carlo Agostoni, Roberto Berni Canani, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Marina Heinonen, Hannu Korhonen, Sébastien La Vieille, Rosangela Marchelli, Ambroise Martin, Androniki Naska, Monika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Grażyna Nowicka, Yolanda Sanz, Alfonso Siani, Anders Sjödin, Martin Stern, Sean (J.J.) Strain, Inge Tetens, Daniel Tomé, Dominique Turck and Hans Verhagen
Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies
Contact
nda [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3334
EFSA Journal 2013;11(7):3334 [11 pp.].
Question Number
On request from
Competent Authority of France following an application by IDACE
Print on demand
Number of Pages
11