Scientific Opinion on genetically modified cotton MON 88913

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Article
GMO, cotton MON 88913, Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, CP4 EPSPS, food and feed safety, environment, import and processing
First published in the EFSA Journal
29 July 2013
Adopted
3 July 2013
Type
Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
Abstract

Cotton MON 88913 contains one insert consisting of the CP4 epsps expression cassette, providing herbicide tolerance. Bioinformatics-supported identification of hazards linked to the formation of new open reading frames caused by the insertion could not be completed due to the use of an outdated toxin database. Genetic stability studies did not raise safety issues. No biologically relevant differences which would raise safety concerns were identified in the composition or agronomic and phenotypic characteristics of plants and seeds obtained from cotton MON 88913 compared with its conventional counterpart and non-genetically modified reference varieties. Based on all the available information, there are no indications that the newly expressed CP4 EPSPS protein in cotton MON 88913 may be allergenic or toxic. Cotton MON 88913 was found to be as nutritious as commercially available varieties and it is unlikely that the overall allergenicity of the whole plant is changed. There are no indications of an increased likelihood of establishment and spread of feral cotton plants. Considering its intended uses as food and feed, interactions with the biotic and abiotic environment were not considered to be an issue. Risks associated with an unlikely but theoretically possible horizontal gene transfer from cotton MON 88913 to bacteria have not been identified. The monitoring plan and reporting intervals are in line with the intended uses of cotton MON 88913. The EFSA GMO Panel considers, however, that the information available for cotton MON 88913 is not sufficient to reach a final overall conclusion due to the use of an outdated toxin database for bioinformatic analyses.

Panel members at the time of adoption
Salvatore Arpaia, Andrew Nicholas Edmund Birch, Andrew Chesson, Patrick du Jardin, Achim Gathmann, Jürgen Gropp, Lieve Herman, Hilde-Gunn Hoen-Sorteberg, Huw Jones, József Kiss, Gijs Kleter, Martinus Løvik, Antoine Messéan, Hanspeter Naegeli, Kaare Magne Nielsen, Jaroslava Ovesná, Joe Perry, Nils Rostoks and Christoph Tebbe
Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms
Contact
gmo [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3311
EFSA Journal 2013;11(7):3311 [25 pp.].
Question Number
On request from
Competent Authority of the United Kingdom for application EFSA-GMO-UK-2007-41 submitted by Monsanto
Note

This Scientific Opinion, published on 29 July 2013, has been supplemented with a Statement published on 13 March 2014 (EFSA Journal 2014;12(3):3591), which is available here: Statement complementing the EFSA opinion on application EFSA-GMO-UK-2007-41 (cotton MON 88913 for food and feed uses, import and processing) taking into consideration updated bioinformatic analyses

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Number of Pages
25