Technical specifications on harmonised epidemiological indicators for biological hazards to be covered by meat inspection of domestic solipeds


European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2013;11(6):3268 [33 pp.].

EFSA wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on epidemiological criteria for meat inspection of solipeds: Geneviève Benard, Monique Fresnel, Edoardo Pozio for the preparatory work on this scientific output and EFSA staff: Valentina Rizzi, Giusi Amore, Pia Mäkela, and the reviewer Antonia Ricci for the support provided to this scientific output. EFSA also wishes to thank the members of Task Force on Zoonoses Data Collection who reviewed the report.

Scientific Report of EFSA
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
12 June 2013
Published in the EFSA Journal
27 June 2013
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy

In this report, harmonised epidemiological indicators are proposed for food-borne biological hazards to public health that are related to domestic solipeds and meat thereof and that can be addressed within meat inspection. These hazards include only Trichinella. An epidemiological indicator is defined as the prevalence or concentration of the hazard at a certain stage of the food chain or an indirect measure of the hazard that correlates with the human health risk caused by the hazard. The indicators can be used by the European Commission and the Member States to consider when adaptations to meat inspection methods may be relevant and to carry out risk analysis to support such decisions. It is foreseen that the indicators are used in a risk-based system for domestic soliped meat as proposed in the EFSA Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by inspection of meat from domestic solipeds, particularly to help categorise countries/regions and animals according to the risk related to Trichinella. Depending on the purpose and the epidemiological situation, risk managers should decide on the most appropriate indicator(s) to use, either alone or in combination, at national, regional or slaughterhouse level. It is recommended that risk managers should define legal requirements for improving traceability of horses, recording information on all animal movements. Member States are invited to report data generated by the implementation of the indicators in accordance with Directive 2003/99/EC. The proposed indicators should be regularly reviewed in the light of new information and the data generated by their implementation.

Meat inspection, biological hazard, epidemiological indicators, domestic solipeds, Trichinella
Print on demand
Number of Pages