Technical specifications on harmonised epidemiological indicators for biological hazards to be covered by meat inspection of farmed game


European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2013;11(6):3267 [60 pp.].

EFSA wishes to thank the members of the working group who prepared this report: Jeppe Boel, Maria Fredriksson-Ahomaa, Johanne Ellis-Iversen, Karsten Noeckler and Michael Sharp. In addition, the contributions of EFSA staff members Pia Mäkela, Elena Mazzolini, Giusi Amore, Anca Stoicescu and Francesca Riolo and that of the reviewer Declan Bolton are gratefully acknowledged for the support provided to this EFSA scientific output. EFSA also wishes to thank the members of Task Force on Zoonoses Data Collection who reviewed the report.

Scientific Report of EFSA
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
12 June 2013
Published in the EFSA Journal
27 June 2013
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy

In this report, harmonised epidemiological indicators are proposed for foodborne biological hazards to public health that are related to farmed game and meat thereof and that can be addressed within meat inspection. These hazards include Salmonella, Toxoplasma, Trichinella and Mycobacterium in farmed wild boar and deer. An epidemiological indicator is defined as the prevalence or concentration of the hazard at a certain stage of the food chain or an indirect measure of the hazard that correlates to the human health risk caused by the hazard. The indicators can be used by the European Commission and Member States to consider when adaptations in meat inspection methods may be relevant and to carry out risk analysis to support such decisions. It is foreseen that the indicators will be used in the revised meat inspection system for farmed game meat outlined in the European Food Safety Authority scientific opinion, particularly to help categorise slaughter batches, animals and slaughterhouses according to the risk related to the hazards and process hygiene or to enable surveillance for the possible emergence of the hazard. Depending on the purpose and the epidemiological situation, risk managers should decide on the most appropriate indicator(s) to use, either alone or in combination, at national, regional, slaughterhouse or farm/herd level. Member States are invited to report data generated by the implementation of the indicators in accordance with Directive 2003/99/EC. The proposed indicators should be regularly reviewed in light of new information and the data generated by their implementation.

Meat inspection, epidemiological indicators, farmed game, Salmonella, Toxoplasma, Trichinella, Mycobacterium
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