Scientific Opinion on the risk to plant health posed by Burkholderia caryophylli for the EU territory with the identification and evaluation of risk reduction options

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Article
Panel on Plant Health
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2013; 11(1):3071 [91 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3071
Panel members at the time of adoption
Richard Baker, Claude Bragard, Thierry Candresse, Gianni Gilioli, Jean-Claude Grégoire, Imre Holb, Michael John Jeger, Olia Evtimova Karadjova, Christer Magnusson, David Makowski, Charles Manceau, Maria Navajas, Trond Rafoss, Vittorio Rossi, Jan Schans, Gritta Schrader, Gregor Urek, Johan Coert van Lenteren, Irene Vloutoglou, Stephan Winter and Wopke van der Werf
Acknowledgements

The Panel wishes to thank the Working Group on Annex IIAII and in particular the members of the Bacteria Subgroup: Charles Manceau, David Makowski, Johannes van Doorn, Emilio Stefani, Ian K. Toth and Jean M. van der Wolf for the preparatory work on this scientific opinion and the hearing experts: EFSA staff: Gabor Hollo, Giuseppe Stancanelli and Olaf Mosbach-Schultz for the support provided to this scientific opinion.

Contact
Type
Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2011-01186
Adopted
31 December 2012
Published in the EFSA Journal
23 January 2013
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract

The EFSA Panel on Plant Health conducted a pest risk assessment for Burkholderia caryophylli for the EU territory under the scenario of current EU legislation and identified and evaluated risk reduction options. B. caryophylli is absent from the EU territory. The host range of B. caryophylli includes the genus Dianthus and three other incidental, minor, hosts (statice, lisianthus and gypsophila). Seven entry pathways were identified, with carnation cuttings and cut flowers being the most frequently traded. All pathways were considered unlikely as the pathogen is rarely associated with the pathways at origin mostly because of the high phytosanitary quality of the plant propagation material. The establishment is unlikely because outdoors the environmental conditions are not favourable to the pathogen and alternative hosts are not present, whereas in protected crops the cultural practices are very effective to keep the crop free from this bacterium. Only very short-distance spread within a crop is likely, and spread between different crops is unlikely. Risk reduction options addressing the sanitary status of the propagation material have the best effectiveness and feasibility. Effective control measures are based on healthy propagation materials (cuttings) and hygiene practices. With the existing certification scheme of carnation plant propagation material, the probability of spread through infected cuttings is largely reduced. The high effectiveness of current measures is ensured by the absence of B. caryophylli in the EU, as in recent decades no findings of B. caryophylli have been reported.B. caryophylli is reported to be present in some third countries in Asia, where it still causes high crop losses. If the current regulation were to be removed, major consequences or changes in the potential impact of B. caryophylli are expected if no voluntary certification scheme were applied, together with good sanitation standards, along the crop production chain.

Keywords
Pseudomonas caryophylli, Burkholderia caryophylli, carnation, slow wilt, pest risk assessment, risk reduction, European Union
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Number of Pages
91