Refined exposure assessment for caramel colours (E 150a, c, d)

Tabs

Article
Caramel colours, E 150a, E 150c, E 150d, exposure, EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database, food colours
First published in the EFSA Journal
19 December 2012
Approved
3 December 2012
Type
Statement of EFSA
Abstract

This EFSA statement is a refined exposure assessment of caramel colours (E 150a, E 150c and E 150d) taking into account additional information on its use in foods as consumed. The EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS) adopted a scientific opinion on the re-evaluation of caramel colours (E 150a, E 150b, E 150c, E 150d) used as food additives in 2011. In that opinion, the Panel concluded that the anticipated dietary exposure of child and adult populations may exceed the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) for caramel colours E 150a, E 150c and E 150d, but exposure estimates to E 150b were below the ADI. Following this conclusion, new data from industry were submitted to EFSA providing updated use levels of caramel colours in foods ready to be consumed. A refined exposure assessment was performed for caramel colours that were exceeding the ADI in ANS Panel opinion (EFSA, 2011a) i.e. E 150a, E 150c and E 150d and concluded that the anticipated dietary exposure are considerably lower than in the previous exposure assessment. However, toddlers and adults have a higher exposure to caramel colour E 150c and could still exceed the ADI of 100 mg/kg bw/day for this caramel colour. The estimated combined exposure to the four caramel colours (E 150a, E 150b, E 150c, E 150d) are considerably lower and the group ADI of 300 mg/kg bw/day is not exceeded for any population group in the current review.

Contact
ans [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2012.3030
EFSA Journal 2012;10(12):3030 [39 pp.].
European Food Safety Authority
Question Number
On request from
EFSA
Print on demand
Number of Pages
39