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Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to a combination of lycopene, vitamin E, lutein and selenium and “helps to prepare and activate tanning” pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006

EFSA Journal 2012;10(12):3001 [8 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2012.3001
  EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) Panel Members Carlo Agostoni, Roberto Berni Canani, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Marina Heinonen, Hannu Korhonen, Sébastien La Vieille, Rosangela Marchelli, Ambroise Martin, Androniki Naska, Monika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Grażyna Nowicka, Yolanda Sanz, Alfonso Siani, Anders Sjödin, Martin Stern, Sean (J.J.) Strain, Inge Tetens, Daniel Tomé, Dominique Turck and Hans Verhagen Acknowledgment The Panel wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on Claims: Carlo Agostoni, Jean-Louis Bresson, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Marina Heinonen, Ambroise Martin, Hildegard Przyrembel, Yolanda Sanz, Alfonso Siani, Anders Sjödin, Sean (J.J.) Strain, Inge Tetens, Dominique Turck, Hendrik van Loveren, Hans Verhagen and Peter Willats for the preparatory work on this scientific opinion. Contact nda@efsa.europa.eu
Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: the Competent Authority of Cyprus following an application by Nutrilinks Sarl Question number: EFSA-Q-2012-00593 Adopted: 28 November 2012 Published: 14 December 2012 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Abstract

Following an application from Nutrilinks Sarl, submitted pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 via the Competent Authority of Cyprus, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on the scientific substantiation of a health claim related to a combination of lycopene, vitamin E, lutein and selenium and “helps to prepare and activate tanning”. The Panel considers that the combination of lycopene, vitamin E, lutein and selenium is sufficiently characterised. The claimed effect proposed by the applicant is “helps to prepare and activate tanning”. Tanning (i.e. increasing the pigmentation of the skin) may contribute to the protection of the skin against UV-induced damage. The Panel considers that protection of the skin from UV-induced (including photo-oxidative) damage is a beneficial physiological effect. A claim on a combination of lycopene, vitamin E, lutein and selenium and protection of the skin from UV-induced (including photo-oxidative) damage has already been assessed by the Panel with an unfavourable outcome. The reference provided by the applicant for the scientific substantiation of this claim was the same as in the previous submission.

© European Food Safety Authority, 2012

Summary

Following an application from, submitted pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 via the Competent Authority of Cyprus, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies was asked to deliver an opinion on the scientific substantiation of a health claim related to a combination of lycopene, vitamin E, lutein and selenium and “helps to prepare and activate tanning”.

The scope of the application was proposed to fall under a health claim based on newly developed scientific evidence.

The food that is the subject of the health claim is a combination of lycopene, vitamin E, lutein and selenium. These constituents are well-characterised and can be analysed in foods by established methods. The Panel considers that the combination of lycopene, vitamin E, lutein and selenium is sufficiently characterised.

The claimed effect proposed by the applicant is “helps to prepare and activate tanning”. The target population proposed by the applicant is healthy adults in the general population. Tanning (i.e. increasing the pigmentation of the skin) may contribute to the protection of the skin against UV-induced damage. However, pigmentation of the skin is not a direct measure of UV-induced damage. The Panel considers that protection of the skin from UV-induced (including photo-oxidative) damage is a beneficial physiological effect.

A claim on a combination of lycopene, vitamin E, lutein and selenium and protection of the skin from UV-induced (including photo-oxidative) damage has already been assessed by the Panel with an unfavourable outcome. The reference provided by the applicant for the scientific substantiation of this claim was the same as in the previous submission.

Keywords

Lycopene, vitamin E, lutein, selenium, skin, tanning, health claims