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Scientific Opinion updating the risk assessment conclusions and risk management recommendations on the genetically modified insect resistant maize 1507

EFSA Journal 2012;10(10):2933[46 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2012.2933
  EFSA Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) Panel Members Salvatore Arpaia, Andrew Nicholas Edmund Birch, Andrew Chesson, Patrick du Jardin, Achim Gathmann, Jürgen Gropp, Lieve Herman, Hilde-Gunn Hoen-Sorteberg, Huw Jones, Jozsef Kiss, Gijs Kleter, Pagona Lagiou, Martinus Lovik, Antoine Messéan, Hanspeter Naegeli, Kaare Magne Nielsen, Jaroslava Ovesna, Joe Perry, Nils Rostoks, Christoph Tebbe Acknowledgment The Panel wishes to thank the members of the Working Groups on (1) Molecular Characterisation (MC), (2) Food/Feed (FF) and (3) Environment (ENV) of GMO applications for the preparatory work on this scientific output, and EFSA staff Yann Devos (ENV), Zoltán Divéki (MC), Andrea Gennaro (ENV), Yi Liu (FF), Sylvie Mestdagh (ENV) and Stefano Rodighiero (ENV) for the support provided to the development of this EFSA scientific output Contact gmo@efsa.europa.eu
Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2012-00712 Adopted: 18 October 2012 Published: 25 October 2012 Last updated: 09 November 2012. This version replaces the previous one/s. Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA GMO Panel) compiled its previous risk assessment conclusions and risk management recommendations on the genetically modified insect resistant maize 1507, and considered their validity in the light of new relevant scientific publications published from 2005 onwards. The EFSA GMO Panel performed a search of the scientific literature published between 2005 and September 2012, and identified 61 peer-reviewed publications containing evidence specific to the risk assessment and/or management of maize 1507, of which two were relevant for the food and feed safety assessment, and 34 for the environmental risk assessment and/or risk management. None of these publications reported new information that would invalidate the previous conclusions on the safety of maize 1507 made by the EFSA GMO Panel. Therefore, the EFSA GMO Panel considers that its previous risk assessment conclusions on maize 1507, as well as its previous recommendations on risk mitigation measures and monitoring, remain valid and applicable.

© European Food Safety Authority,2012

Summary

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA GMO Panel) compiled its previous risk assessment conclusions and risk management recommendations on the genetically modified insect resistant maize 1507, and considered their validity in the light of new relevant scientific publications published from 2005 onwards.

The EFSA GMO Panel performed a search of the scientific literature to identify new scientific publications specific to maize 1507 that may report new information relevant for the risk assessment and/or management of maize 1507. Subsequently, the EFSA GMO Panel evaluated whether the information reported in recent publications, identified by the literature search, would invalidate its previous risk assessment conclusions on maize 1507, as well as its previous recommendations on risk mitigation measures and monitoring.

Following a search of the scientific literature published between 2005 and September 2012, the EFSA GMO Panel identified 61 peer-reviewed publications containing evidence specific to the risk assessment and/or management of maize 1507, of which 25 publications were discussed and cited in previous EFSA GMO Panel scientific outputs. From the remaining 36 publications, two were relevant for the food and feed safety assessment of maize 1507, and 34 for the environmental risk assessment and/or risk management of maize 1507.

The EFSA GMO Panel did not identify new peer-reviewed scientific publications reporting new information that would invalidate its previous conclusions on the safety of maize 1507. Therefore, the EFSA GMO Panel considers that its previous risk assessment conclusions on maize 1507, as well as its previous recommendations for risk mitigation measures and monitoring, remain valid and applicable.

When defining measures to delay resistance evolution to the Cry1F protein from maize 1507 in target insect pests, risk managers should consider that Cry1Ab-expressing maize events (such as MON 810) are approved for cultivation in the EU. The EFSA GMO Panel recommends that, in regions where maize 1507 and Cry1Ab-expressing maize events would be cultivated together, refuge areas equivalent to 20% of the total Lepidoptera-active Bt-maize area are established due to the potential for cross-resistance between Cry1Ab and Cry1F.

Keywords

GMO, maize (Zea mays), 1507, insect resistance, Cry1F, risk assessment, food and feed safety, environment, food and feed uses, import and processing, cultivation