Scientific Opinion on the safety evaluation of the following processes based on VACUREMA Prime ® technology used to recycle post-consumer PET into food contact materials “Lux PET”, “Jayplas”, “PolyQuest” and “CIER”


Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2012;10(8):2827 [18 pp.].
Possible conflict of interest
One member of the Panel did not participate in the discussion because of potential conflicts of interest identified in accordance with the EFSA policy on declarations of interests.
Panel members at the time of adoption
Ulla Beckman Sundh, Mona-Lise Binderup, Leon Brimer, Laurence Castle, Karl-Heinz Engel, Roland Franz, Nathalie Gontard, Rainer Gürtler, Trine Husøy, Klaus-Dieter Jany, Catherine Leclercq, Jean-Claude Lhuguenot, Wim Mennes, Maria Rosaria Milana, Maria de Fatima Pocas, Iona Pratt, Kettil Svensson, Fidel Toldrá and Detlef Wölfle.

The European Food Safety Authority wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on Recycling processes, Laurence Castle, Vincent Dudler, Nathalie Gontard, Eugenia Lampi, Maria Rosaria Milana, Cristina Nerin, Costas Papaspyrides and Karla Pfaff for their contribution to the draft opinion.

Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
On request from
Ministère de la Santé, Luxembourg; Food Standards Agency, United Kingdom; Bundesamt für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit, Germany; Ministero della Salute, Italy
Question Number
5 July 2012
Published in the EFSA Journal
2 August 2012
Last Updated
21 November 2013. This version replaces the previous one/s.
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy

This scientific opinion of EFSA deals with the safety evaluation of the recycling processes LuxPET, Jayplas, PolyQuest and CIER (EC register numbers RECYC008, RECYC024, RECYC025 and RECYC027 respectively) which are all based on the same VACUREMA Prime ® technology. The decontamination efficiency of all these processes was demonstrated using the same challenge test. Collected post-consumer PET bottles are processed into washed and dried flakes which are used as input of the VACUREMA Prime ® technology. Through this technology, washed and dried PET flakes are heated in a batch reactor under vacuum and then heated in a continuous reactor under vacuum before being extruded into pellets. After having examined the challenge test provided, the Panel concluded that the two steps, the decontamination in batch reactors and the decontamination in continuous reactor are the critical steps that determine the decontamination efficiency of the processes. The operating parameters to control the performance of these critical steps are the temperature, the pressure and the residence time. It was demonstrated by means of the challenge test that the recycling processes under evaluation using a VACUREMA Prime ® technology are able to ensure that the level of migration of potential unknown contaminants into food is below a conservatively modelled migration of 0.1 μg/kg food. Therefore,  the Panel considered that the recycling processes LuxPET, Jayplas, PolyQuest and CIER are able to reduce any foreseeable accidental contamination of the post-consumer food contact PET to a concentration that does not give rise to concern for a risk to human health if:

  1. they are operated under conditions that are at least as severe as those obtained from  the challenge test used to measure the decontamination efficiency of the processes and
  2. the input is washed and dried post-consumer PET flakes originating from materials and articles that have been manufactured in accordance with the Community legislation on food contact materials containing no more than 5% of PET from non-food consumer applications.

The Panel concluded that the recycled PET obtained from the processes LuxPET, Jayplas, PolyQuest and CIER intended for the manufacture of materials and articles for contact with all types of foodstuffs for long term storage at room temperature, with or without hotfill is not considered of safety concern.

LuxPET; Jayplas; PolyQuest; CIER; VACUREMA Prime; RECYC008; RECYC024; RECYC025; RECYC027; Food contact materials; Plastic; Poly(ethylene terephthalate); PET; Recycling; Process; Safety evaluation
Print on demand
Number of Pages