Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to alpha cyclodextrin and reduction of post prandial glycaemic responses (ID 2926, further assessment) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006

alpha-Cyclodextrin, glycaemic response, health claims
First published in the EFSA Journal
5 June 2012
Adopted
25 April 2012
Type
Scientific Opinion

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies was asked to provide a scientific opinion on a health claim pursuant to Article 13.1 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 in the framework of further assessment related to alpha-cyclodextrin and reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses. The food constituent that is the subject of the claim, alpha-cyclodextrin, is sufficiently characterised. The claimed effect, reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses (as long as post-prandial insulinaemic responses are not disproportionally increased), may be a beneficial physiological effect. The proposed target population is individuals who wish to reduce their post-prandial glycaemic responses. In weighing the evidence, the Panel took into account that two intervention studies showed a significant effect of alpha-cyclodextrin added to starch on post-prandial glycaemic responses without disproportionally increasing post prandial insulinaemic responses, that one study on alpha-cyclodextrin added to sucrose did not show an effect on post-prandial glycaemic responses, and that there is some evidence in support of a plausible mechanism by which alpha-cyclodextrin could exert the claimed effect. On the basis of the data presented, the Panel concludes that a cause and effect relationship has been established between the consumption of alpha-cyclodextrin with starch containing meals and reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses. The Panel considers that in order to obtain the claimed effect, at least 5 g of alpha-cyclodextrin per 50 g of starch should be consumed. The target population is adults who wish to reduce their post-prandial glycaemic responses.

Substances

Panel members at the time of adoption

Carlo Agostoni, Jean-Louis Bresson, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Albert Flynn, Ines Golly, Hannu Korhonen, Pagona Lagiou, Martinus Løvik, Rosangela Marchelli, Ambroise Martin, Bevan Moseley, Monika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Hildegard Przyrembel, Seppo Salminen, Yolanda Sanz, Sean (J.J.) Strain, Stephan Strobel, Inge Tetens, Daniel Tomé, Hendrik van Loveren and Hans Verhagen
Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies
Contact
nda [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2012.2713
EFSA Journal 2012;10(6):2713
Question Number
On request from
European Commission