Scientific Opinion on application (EFSA-GMO-CZ-2008-54) for placing on the market of genetically modified insect resistant and herbicide tolerant maize MON 88017 for cultivation under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 from Monsanto

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Article
Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms
Acknowledgements

The Panel wishes to thank the members of the Standing Working Groups on Molecular Characterisation, Food and Feed, and Environment on GMO applications, the external expert Ilona Krypsin-Sorensen, as well as the EFSA staff member Yann Devos for the preparatory work on this Scientific Opinion, and the EFSA staff members Anna Christodoulidou (FF), Yann Devos (ENV) and Zoltán Divéki (MC) for the support provided to the development of this EFSA scientific output.

EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2011;9(11):2428 [152 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2011.2428
Panel members at the time of adoption
Hans Christer Andersson, Salvatore Arpaia, Detlef Bartsch, Josep Casacuberta, Howard Davies, Patrick du Jardin, Gerhard Flachowsky, Lieve Herman, Huw Jones, Sirpa Kärenlampi, Jozsef Kiss, Gijs Kleter, Harry Kuiper, Antoine Messéan, Kaare Magne Nielsen, Joe Perry, Annette Pöting, Jeremy Sweet, Christoph Tebbe, Atte Johannes von Wright, and Jean-Michel Wal
Contact
Type
Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
On request from
Competent Authority of the Czech Republic
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2008-312
Adopted
19 October 2011
Published
10 November 2011
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract

This Scientific Opinion reports on an evaluation of a risk assessment for placing on the market of genetically modified maize MON 88017 for cultivation. The EFSA GMO Panel considers that maize MON 88017 is unlikely to have any adverse effect on the environment, except for the possible resistance evolution to the Cry3Bb1 protein in coleopteran target pests; resistance evolution may lead to altered pest control practices that may cause adverse environmental effects. The cultivation management of maize MON 88017 could result in environmental harm. The EFSA GMO Panel therefore recommends managing the use of glyphosate on maize MON 88017 within diversified cropping regimes that have similar or reduced environmental impacts compared with conventional maize cultivation. The EFSA GMO Panel recommends the deployment of insect resistance management strategies and case-specific monitoring to address (1) the possible resistance evolution to the Cry3Bb1 protein in coleopteran target pests, (2) changes in botanical diversity within fields due to novel herbicide regimes, and (3) resistance evolution to glyphosate in weeds due to novel herbicide regimes. The EFSA GMO Panel agrees with the general surveillance plan of the applicant, but requests that the proposals made to strengthen general surveillance are implemented. Whilst the scope of this application only covers the cultivation of maize MON 88017, this Scientific Opinion also updates the previous EFSA GMO Panel safety evaluation of the food and feed uses, import and processing of maize MON 88017 and derived products. The EFSA GMO Panel concludes that the information available for maize MON 88017 addresses the scientific comments raised by Member States and that maize MON 88017, as described in this application, is as safe as its conventional counterpart and commercial maize varieties with respect to potential adverse effects on human and animal health. If subjected to appropriate management measures, the cultivation management of maize MON 88017 is unlikely to raise safety concerns for the environment.

Keywords
GMO, maize (Zea mays), MON 88017, insect resistance, herbicide tolerance, cry3Bb1, CP4 epsps, risk assessment, food and feed safety, environment, environmental safety, food and feed uses, import and processing, cultivation, Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003
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Number of Pages
152