Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 67, Revision 1 (FGE.67Rev.1): Consideration of 40 furan-substituted aliphatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and related esters, sulfides, disulfides and ethers evaluated by JECFA at the 65th meeting (JECFA, 2006b) and re-evaluated at the 69th meeting (JECFA, 2009c)

Furan-substituted; genotoxic; JECFA, 65th meeting, FGE.13Rev2; FGE.65; FGE.66Rev1
First published in the EFSA Journal
3 October 2011
Adopted
6 July 2011
Type
Scientific Opinion

Abstract

The Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids of the European Food Safety Authority was requested to consider evaluations of flavouring substances assessed since 2000 by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (the JECFA), and to decide whether further evaluation is necessary, as laid down in Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000. The present consideration concerns a group of 33 furan-substituted aliphatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and related esters, sulfides, disulfides and ethers evaluated by the JECFA. In the present version of FGE.67 eight additional substances have been included. The substances were evaluated through a stepwise approach (the Procedure) that integrates information on structure-activity relationships, intake from current uses, toxicological threshold of concern, and available data on metabolism and toxicity. For twenty-two substances [FL-no: 13.029, 13.030, 13.045, 13.052, 13.054, 13.059, 13.061, 13.066, 13.069, 13.070, 13.083, 13.092, 13.101, 13.103, 13.105, 13.106, 13.107, 13.123, 13.138, 13.148, 13.163 and 13.191] a concern for genotoxicity was raised and therefore these were not evaluated using the Procedure. The Panel concluded that 8 substances [FL-no: 13.006, 13.021, 13.022, 13.023, 13.024, 13.074, 13.116 and 13.190] do not give rise to safety concerns at the levels of dietary intake, estimated on the basis of the MSDI approach. For one substance [FL-no: 13.058] additional toxicity data are requested. Besides the safety assessment of these substances, the specifications for the materials of commerce have been considered. For three substances [FL-no: 13.031, 13.045 and 13.047] data on specifications / stereoisomerism are missing.

Panel members at the time of adoption

Arturo Anadon, Mona-Lise Binderup, Wilfried Bursch, Laurence Castle, Riccardo Crebelli, Karl-Heinz Engel, Roland Franz, Nathalie Gontard, Thomas Haertle, Trine Husøy, Klaus-Dieter Jany, Catherine Leclercq, Jean Claude Lhuguenot, Wim Mennes, Maria Rosaria Milana, Karla Pfaff, Kettil Svensson, Fidel Toldra, Rosemary Waring, Detlef Wölfle
Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids
Contact
cef-unit [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2011.2315
EFSA Journal 2011;9(10):2315
On request from
European Commission