Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 21, Revision 2 (FGE.21Rev2): Thiazoles, thiophene, thiazoline and thienyl derivatives from chemical group 29. Miscellaneous substances from chemical group 30.

Flavourings, safety, thiophene, thiophene derivatives, dihydrothiophene, benzothiazole derivatives thiazole derivatives, thiazoline derivatives, thiazolidine derivatives, dihydrothiazine derivatives, dithiazine derivatives, FGE.21
First published in the EFSA Journal
12 October 2011
4 February 2011
Scientific Opinion


The Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids of the European Food Safety Authority was requested to evaluate 56 flavouring substances in the Flavouring Group Evaluation 21, Revision 2, using the Procedure in Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000. Seven of the substances [Fl-no: 15.060, 15.086, 15.090, 15.099, 15.114, 15.119 and 15.133] were considered to have genotoxic potential. The remaining 49 substances were evaluated through a stepwise approach (the Procedure) that integrates information on structure-activity relationships, intake from current uses, toxicological threshold of concern, and available data on metabolism and toxicity. The Panel concluded that 26 substances FL-no: 15.038, 15.039, 15.044, 15.050, 15.051, 15.052, 15.058, 15.061, 15.062, 15.063, 15.067, 15.068, 15.069, 15.071, 15.078, 15.080, 15.082, 15.084, 15.085, 15.087, 15.089, 15.098, 15.108, 15.115, 15.116 and 15.118] do not give rise to safety concerns at their levels of dietary intake, estimated on the basis of the MSDI approach. For the remaining 23 candidate substances [FL-no: 15.037, 15.040, 15.042, 15.043, 15.045, 15.054, 15.055, 15.064, 15.070, 15.072, 15.074, 15.076, 15.077, 15.088, 15.091, 15.092, 15.093, 15.094, 15.096, 15.097, 15.106, 15.107 and 15.129], of the 49 substances evaluated through the Procedure, no appropriate NOAEL was available and additional data are required. Besides the safety assessment of these flavouring substances, the specifications for the materials of commerce have also been considered. For two substances are an identity test lacking and for one has the stereoisomeric composition to be specified.

Panel members at the time of adoption

Arturo Anadon, Mona-Lise Binderup, Wilfried Bursch, Laurence Castle, Riccardo Crebelli, Karl-Heinz Engel, Roland Franz, Nathalie Gontard, Thomas Haertle, Trine Husøy, Klaus-Dieter Jany, Catherine Leclercq, Jean Claude Lhuguenot, Wim Mennes, Maria Rosaria Milana, Karla Pfaff, Kettil Svensson, Fidel Toldra, Rosemary Waring, Detlef Wölfle
Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids
cef-unit [at]
EFSA Journal 2011;9(10):1989
Question Number
On request from
European Commission