Revised exposure assessment for steviol glycosides for the proposed uses as a food additive

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Article
European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2011;9(1):1972 [19 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2011.1972
Acknowledgements

this statement was prepared by the EFSA Unit on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS). EFSA wishes to thank the members of the ANS Working Group on Exposure Assessment: M. Bakker, N. Bemrah, A. Hearty, J. König, J.-C. Leblanc, C. Tlustos for their comments during the preparation of this statement.

Contact
Type
Statement of EFSA
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2010-01214
Approved
13 January 2011
Published in the EFSA Journal
26 January 2011
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), carried out a revised exposure assessment of steviol glycosides from its use as a food additive, for children and adults, based on the revised proposed uses presented in the terms of reference. Revised exposures estimates have been calculated for Tier 2 using the same methodology used by the Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to food in its opinion on steviol glycosides with revised proposed use levels with the individual food consumption data for children and the adult population. The mean anticipated dietary exposure to steviol glycosides expressed as steviol equivalents in European children (aged 1-14 years) ranged from 0.4 to 6.4 mg/kg bw/day, and from 1.7 to 16.3 mg/kg bw/day at the 95th percentile. Following the examination of the EFSA Comprehensive database, a correction was considered necessary for the consumption of non-alcoholic flavoured drinks (soft drinks) by children. The corrected exposure estimate ranges at the 95th percentile from 1.0 to 12.7 mg/kg bw/day for children. Exposure estimates calculated for the adults UK population give a mean dietary exposure to steviol glycosides, expressed as steviol equivalents of 1.9-2.3 mg/kg bw/day and of 5.6-6.8 mg/kg bw/day for high level consumers (97.5th percentile). The main contributors to the total anticipated exposure to steviol glycosides are non-alcoholic flavoured drinks (soft drinks) for both populations.

Keywords
Steviol glycosides, exposure
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Number of Pages
19