Analysis of the baseline survey on the prevalence of Campylobacter in broiler batches and of Campylobacter and Salmonella on broiler carcasses, in the EU, 2008, Part B: Campylobacter

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Article
Campylobacter, broiler batches, broiler carcasses, chicken, baseline survey, risk factors, EU
First published in the EFSA Journal
5 August 2010
Approved
22 July 2010
Type
Scientific Report of EFSA
Abstract

A European Union-wide baseline survey on Campylobacter in broiler batches and on broiler carcasses was carried out in 2008. From each of the 10,132 randomly selected batches, pooled caecal contents samples of slaughtered broilers were taken in 561 slaughterhouses and examined for the presence of Campylobacter. From the same batches one carcass was collected after chilling, from which neck skin together with breast skin was examined for the presence of Campylobacter and the Campylobacter count was determined. Multivariable regression analysis showed that a Campylobacter-colonised broiler batch was about 30 times more likely to have the sampled carcass contaminated with Campylobacter, compared to a non-colonised batch. Also, a higher Campylobacter count on carcasses was strongly associated with Campylobacter colonisation of the batch. Contaminated carcasses could also derive from non-colonised broiler batches. Both the risks for Campylobacter-contaminated carcasses and for Campylobacter colonisation of batches increased with the age of the slaughtered broilers as well as during certain months of the year - with the period July-September being the quarter at most risk. Processing later during the day increased the risk of Campylobacter contamination of carcasses. Batches originating from previously thinned flocks were more at risk of being colonised with Campylobacter. The risks for contamination of carcasses with Campylobacter, for higher Campylobacter counts on carcasses and for colonisation of batches with Campylobacter all varied significantly between countries and between slaughterhouses within countries, even when other associated factors were accounted for. Investigation of the culture method results used to estimate the prevalence of Campylobacter-contaminated broiler carcasses showed that the diagnostic sensitivity of the detection test may have varied between Member States.

Contact
zoonoses [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1522
EFSA Journal 2010; 8(8):1522 [132 pp.].
Question Number
On request from
European Commission
European Food Safety Authority
Print on demand
Number of Pages
132