Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to green lipped mussel extract and maintenance of joints, bone and muscles (ID 1571, 1813) pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006

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Article
Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2009; 7(9):1265 [14 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2009.1265
Panel members at the time of adoption
Jean-Louis Bresson, Albert Flynn, Marina Heinonen, Karin Hulshof, Hannu Korhonen, Pagona Lagiou, Martinus Løvik, Rosangela Marchelli, Ambroise Martin, Bevan Moseley, Hildegard Przyrembel, Seppo Salminen, Sean (J.J.) Strain, Stephan Strobel, Inge Tetens, Henk van den Berg, Hendrik van Loveren and Hans Verhagen
Contact
Type
Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2008-2308
EFSA-Q-2008-2546
Adopted
2 July 2009
Published
1 October 2009
Last Updated
25 November 2009. This version replaces the previous one/s.
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
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Abstract

No abstract available

Summary

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies was asked to provide a scientific opinion on a list of health claims pursuant to Article 13 of Regulation 1924/2006. This opinion addresses the scientific substantiation of health claims in relation to green lipped mussel or green lipped mussel extract and the maintenance of joints, bone and muscles. The scientific substantiation is based on the information provided by the Member States in the consolidated list of Article 13 health claims and references that EFSA has received from Member States or directly from stakeholders.

The food constituent that is the subject of the health claim is green lipped mussel or green lipped mussel extract. The New Zealand green lipped mussel, Perna canaliculus, is a bivalve native marine mussel from the mollusc family Mytilidae distinguishable from other bivalve species. Green lipped mussel extract is a lipid rich freeze dried powder extract of this mollusc. Multiple factors account for differences in the lipid content and composition of mussels (and their extracts), which could influence their physiological effects. The Panel considers that green lipped mussel or green lipped mussel extract are not sufficiently characterised.

The claimed effect is “joint and musculoskeletal system health”. In the context of the proposed wordings, the Panel notes that the claimed effect relates to the maintenance of normal joints, bone and muscles. The Panel considers that the maintenance of normal joints, bone and muscles is beneficial to human health.

In weighing the evidence, the Panel took into account that the food constituent that is the subject of the health claim is not sufficiently characterised, that the evidence provided does not establish that patients with osteoarthritis are representative of the general population with regard to the status of joint tissues, or that results obtained in studies on subjects with osteoarthritis can be extrapolated to maintenance of normal joints in the general population. The Panel also took into account that the evidence provided in the animal studies submitted does not predict the occurrence of an effect of either green lipped mussel or green lipped mussel extract intake on maintenance of normal joints in humans, and that no data were presented in relation to the effects of green lipped mussel or green lipped mussel extract on maintenance of normal bone and muscles.

On the basis of the data available, the Panel concludes that a cause and effect relationship has not been established between the consumption of green lipped mussel or green lipped mussel extract and the maintenance of normal joints, bone or muscles.

Keywords
Green lipped mussel extract, joints, bone, muscles, health claims
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Number of Pages
14