Safety and efficacy of Coxiril® (diclazuril) for pheasants

Coxiril®, diclazuril, coccidiostats, pheasants, safety, efficacy
First published in the EFSA Journal
21. März 2018
Adopted
20. Februar 2018
Type
Scientific Opinion

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of Coxiril® for pheasants. Coxiril®, containing 0.5% diclazuril, is intended for the prevention of coccidiosis in pheasants at a dose range of 1.0–1.2 mg/kg of complete feed. Diclazuril from Coxiril® is considered safe for pheasants at a level of 1.2 mg/kg complete feed. The conclusion was made by extrapolating the results of a tolerance study with turkeys for fattening. The FEEDAP Panel considered that the residues in pheasant tissues and eggs would be of the same magnitude as those measured in the physiologically similar major species chickens and turkeys for fattening. The use of diclazuril at a maximum concentration of 1.2 mg/kg complete fed for pheasants would be safe for the consumer, provided that the maximum residue limits (MRLs) established for poultry would not be exceeded. The conclusions on the safety of the additive for the target species and the consumer are made under the provision that Coxiril® is not fed to laying birds. Coxiril® is considered as a non-irritant to eyes and skin. It is not a potential skin sensitiser. User inhalation exposure to Coxiril®, as a result of normal handling, is unlikely to cause respiratory or systemic toxicity. The use of diclazuril from Coxiril® in pheasants does not pose a risk to the environment for neutral/alkaline soils (pH ≥ 7). A final conclusion on the risk resulting from the use of the additive in acid soil cannot be done due to the high uncertainties related to potential accumulation of diclazuril over time. The FEEDAP Panel concluded that diclazuril from Coxiril® at a minimum dose of 1 mg/kg complete feed has the potential to control coccidiosis in pheasants.

Substances
Diclazuril
Cas: 101831-37-2
Inchi: InChI=1S/C17H9Cl3N4O2/c18-10-3-1-9(2-4-10)12(7-21)16-13(19)5-11(6-14(16)20)24-17(26)23-15(25)8-22-24/h1-6,8,12H,(H,23,25,26)
Iupac: 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-[2,6-dichloro-4-(3,5-dioxo-1,2,4-triazin-2-yl)phenyl]acetonitrile

Panel members at the time of adoption

Gabriele Aquilina, Giovanna Azimonti, Vasileios Bampidis, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Georges Bories, Andrew Chesson, Pier Sandro Cocconcelli, Gerhard Flachowsky, Jürgen Gropp, Boris Kolar, Maryline Kouba, Marta López-Alonso, Secundino López Puente, Alberto Mantovani, Baltasar Mayo, Fernando Ramos, Guido Rychen, Maria Saarela, Roberto Edoardo Villa, Robert John Wallace and Pieter Wester.
Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed
Contact
feedap [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5196
EFSA Journal 2018;16(3):5196
Question Number
On request from
European Commission