Scientific opinion on the safety assessment of medium viscosity white mineral oils with a kinematic viscosity between 8.5 – 11 mm2/s at 100 °C for the proposed uses as a food additive

High viscosity white mineral oils; medium viscosity white mineral oils; mineral oils (medium and low viscosity) Class I; CAS 8042-47-5; P100 oil; P70(H) oil
First published in the EFSA Journal
17. Januar 2013
20. Dezember 2012
Scientific Opinion


The Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS) delivers a scientific opinion evaluating the safety in use of medium viscosity white mineral oil (MVMO) (kinematic viscosity between 8.5 – 11 mm2/s at 100 °C) as a food additive. In 2009, EFSA evaluated the safety of high viscosity white mineral oils (HVMO) (kinematic viscosity ≥ 11 mm2/s at 100 °C). In this evaluation, the ANS Panel considered as pivotal a 2-year feeding study in the rat on chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity of two mineral oils: MVMO and HVMO. Based on the results of the study the Panel concluded that no carcinogenic effect was observed in F344 rats tested with MVMO and HVMO. The ANS Panel considered the NOAEL for both MVMO and HVMO in the above study to be 1200 mg/kg bw/day, the highest dose tested. Presently the Panel confirmed this conclusion and established a group ADI of 12 mg/kg bw/day for HVMO (kinematic viscosity ≥11 mm2/s at 100 °C) and for MVMO (kinematic viscosity between 8.5 - 11 mm2/s at 100 °C). The Panel noted that conservative estimates indicated that the potential dietary intake of MVMO and/or HVMO from the proposed uses and use levels as food additive in high consumers would reach up to approximately 10.1 mg/kg bw/day for toddlers. This exposure is below the established group ADI. The Panel also noted that additional exposure to MVMO and/or HVMO via other sources could represent a major source of exposure. With the data presently available it is difficult to draw conclusions as to the magnitude of exposure and the number of consumers affected by this potential additional exposure.

Panel members at the time of adoption

Fernando Aguilar, Riccardo Crebelli, Birgit Dusemund, Pierre Galtier, David Gott, Ursula Gundert-Remy, Jürgen König, Claude Lambré, Jean-Charles Leblanc, Alicja Mortensen, Pasquale Mosesso, Dominique Parent-Massin, Ivan Stankovic, Paul Tobback, Ine Waalkens-Berendsen, Rudolf Antonius Woutersen and Matthew Wright
Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources Added to Food
ans [at]
EFSA Journal 2013;11(1):3073
Question Number
On request from
European Commission